Frontier settlements started
near a river that would provide transportation. First the trees were
cut down. The trees were used to build a fence around the land that
would be cleared. Next the trees inside the fenced-in area would be
cleared. Once the trees were gone grass would grow. This was used to
feed the livestock. Next a small cabin would be built. Crops would
be grow in the spring.
Neighbors helped build the
first house. A house could be built in two days. The men hunted,
cleared the land, and planted crops. The women and children made
clothing, tended the crops, cooked, and carried water. The only fun
was a trip to a neighbor's house or going to church.
Daniel Boone was one of the most famous frontiersmen in America. He
is best known for being the first white man to create a settlement
west of the Appalachian Mountains. He was born on November 2, 1734
in Pennsylvania. Even though he learned to read and write, Boone was
a better hunter than a reader.
Daniel Boone moved to North Carolina when he was 15. He married
Rebecca Bryan in North Carolina. They had 10 children.
During his exploration, Boone heard about the great hunting grounds
in Kentucky which he explored from 1769 - 1782. On one trip, Boone
came through the area that is now Johnson County, Tennessee. His
horse became lame, and Boone left him in a valley next to a creek.
The next year as Boone was traveling through the same area he saw
his roan horse. The horse was fat and healthy. The valley is now
named Roan Valley after Boone's horse.
Boone negotiated a treaty to buy land from the Cherokee called the
Watauga Treaty. In 1775, Boone led a group of men through the
wilderness across the Cumberland Gap into Kentucky. This became
known as the Wilderness Trail. The men built a fort on the Kentucky
After the Revolution, Boone thought the area was becoming too
crowded. The Spanish government allowed him to guide a group of
settlers into the Missouri territory.
Boone was captured by the Shawnee in 1778. Many thought he was dead.
After escaping the Shawnee, Boone continued to lead settlers into
In 1781, Boone was elected to the Virginia legislature. After
Boone’s brother and son were killed, George Rogers Clark began a
campaign against Native Americans.
Boone lost all his land claims. In his last years, Boone continued
to hunt and explore the land of Ohio, West Virginia, and Missouri.
He was living in Missouri when he died on September 26, 1820 at the
age of 85.
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