After the War of 1812 and the defeat of the Indians at Fallen Timbers more people moved to the Northwest Territory. Ohio became a state in 1803. Soon Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin became states.
Land was cheap and good for growing crops. As more people came, cities grew. The cities had stores, lumber, mills, saloons, and everything else that went with "civilization."
People in the outlying farms lived in rough cabins. Water had to be carried from streams or rivers to the cabin. Then the water had to be heated in fireplaces.
By 1824 one-third of America's population lived west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Feelings on sectional loyalty had an effect on the Presidential elections. The first six Presidents had come from either Massachusetts or Virginia. By 1820 people in other parts of the nation wanted a President to come from one of their states.
President Andrew Jackson won the election of 1828. Jackson was a frontiersman and an Indian fighter. He was a hero in the War of 1812. Jackson led the American troops in the Battle of New Orleans. Jackson was from Tennessee. He had served in the Congress. Although Jackson was not very well educated, he believed all citizens had the right to hold office and to vote. Jackson had been a successful lawyer and judge before becoming President.
Jackson hated Indians and made many leave their homes. He passed a law that no Indians could live east of the Mississippi River.