After the War of 1812 and the
defeat of the Indians at Fallen Timbers more people moved to the
Northwest Territory. Ohio became a state in 1803. Soon Illinois,
Indiana, and Wisconsin became states.
Land was cheap and good for
growing crops. As more people came, cities grew. The cities had
stores, lumber, mills, saloons, and everything else that went with
People in the outlying farms
lived in rough cabins. Water had to be carried from streams or rivers
to the cabin. Then the water had to be heated in fireplaces.
By 1824 one-third of America's
population lived west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Feelings on sectional loyalty had
an effect on the Presidential elections. The first six Presidents had
come from either Massachusetts or Virginia. By 1820 people in other
parts of the nation wanted a President to come from one of their
President Andrew Jackson
won the election of 1828. Jackson was a frontiersman and an
Indian fighter. He was a hero in the War of 1812. Jackson led
the American troops in the Battle of New Orleans. Jackson was
from Tennessee. He had served in the Congress. Although Jackson
was not very well educated, he believed all citizens had the
right to hold office and to vote. Jackson had been a successful
lawyer and judge before becoming President.
Jackson hated Indians and
made many leave their homes. He passed a law that no Indians
could live east of the Mississippi River.
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