American History 1785 - 1849

United States History Life in the North - The Industrial Revolution

The Northeast part of the United States was turning more and more to industry and factories. Machines were taking the place of hand tools. The steam engines and electrical engines were taking the place of animals.

The First Cotton Mill

Textile factories were making cloth in New England.  By 1840, 700 cotton mills and 500 woolen mills were in New England. Fifty thousand people worked in these factories. Cities began to grow up around these factories.

Any man who wanted to work could earn $125 to $250 a year. This amount of money could buy a large farm in the new territories or a small one in New England.

People in New England spent much of their time in sports such as football (British rugby), cricket, and skating. People travel to visit friends. Music and dancing lessons were given to children.

The winters in New England were hard. Farmers tried to make a living in the hard, rocky soil.


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