Common Core uses the terms retell, recount, and summarize in the literature section. Just what does this mean? What prerequisite skills will upper-elementary students have as they enter 4th grade when they are now asked to summarize?
Tag: Narrative Writing
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- In first grade, students learn to recognize the four types of sentences (L.1.1.J):
- Declarative sentence
- Imperative sentence
- Interrogative sentence
- Exclamatory sentence
- By second grade, students are combining simple sentences to form compound sentences (L.2.1.F).
- In third grade, students produce simple and compound as well as complex sentences (L.3.1.I).
- Fourth-grade students learn to recognize and correct inappropriate fragments and run-ons (L.4.1.F). They are also learning to correctly punctuate compound sentences (L.4.2.C).
- Fifth-graders are adding introductory elements to sentences (L.5.2.B).
- By sixth grade, students are using a variety of sentence patterns to add interest and meaning to their text (L.6.3.A).
Activity #1 ~ Types of Sentence Problems
To help students better understand these problems, they complete a foldable style graphic organizer that goes over the rules and examples of three common mistakes. This organizer is provided in six versions. You can select the one-sided printable or the two-sided printable. The organizer also comes in a variety of levels from students writing their own rules to students completing cloze rules to rules that are already completed.
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Have you ever read a student narrative that was written as one long paragraph? Knowing when to make new paragraphs comes naturally to some students, but not others. This article goes over five rules to teach. Begin by downloading the teaching materials for this lesson.
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Teaching students to write a good narrative is an ongoing process. Begin by teaching character traits, point of view/perspective, setting, theme, plot development, and so on. Students need a basic understanding of story elements before they begin writing. I have created a series of blog posts that cover these topics. Links to these posts are at the bottom of the page.
After students understand story elements, writing a good story can begin. This post is a general overview of ten things to remember when writing a narrative. You’ll find links scattered throughout this article that go to posts that zero in on specifics.
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While there are many great ways for students to write narrative hooks, many students need to be taught patterns they can follow. With upper elementary students, I like to cover five methods for writing a hook.Before you begin, grab all teaching materials for this post here.
Writing Narrative Hooks
As a reference, have students create cards that describe the five methods for writing narrative hooks. Printables for this activity are included in the pdf file.
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The Show, Don’t Tell method of writing is when the writer is able to create a picture in the reader’s mind. The writer gets away from the repetition of empty words like went, big, or said and instead uses rich descriptions which makes the reader feel as if s/he is part of the story.
This post goes through a mini-lesson on Show, Don’t Tell. The entire lesson is presented through a Google Drive Presentation. You can download the presentation to use with your students. The presentation is ready to go. Use it as is or change up the examples. All the text is editable.
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