RAFT Writing Strategy

RAFT Writing Strategy

RAFT is a writing strategy to help students focus on four areas of communication. RAFT is an acronym for the following:

Role of the Writer





A RAFT assignment might look like this:


Role of the Writer Audience Format Topic

character from a book





President of the United States

school principal

group of parents


television audience

bill board






saving the environment

changing a rule or law

promoting a product

informing the public

asking the public to help support a cause


Students are required to select one item from each column. One student may be a teacher writing song for a group of parents asking them to change a rule in the school. Another person may be an artist addressing peers on a bill board that will inform them of an event. Dozens of options may be selected from just this one RAFT assignment.

This writing strategy not only helps students understand the varied formats of writing, but to know the audience they will address, their role as writers, and writing topics.


Teaching Standards

A RAFT lesson covers many teaching standards. In addition to the four areas of communication, assignments may also practice with specific skills. For example, in the printables below the RAFT activity requires students to use onomatopoeia and/or alliteration.

Differentiating Instruction

The best part of the RAFT experience is the ease to differentiate instruction. For example, I placed students into three groups. Each group was given two choices of activities. The activities varied in difficulty from the easiest level which was mostly drawing to the most difficult which was to create a slogan for advertising or a comic strip.


When I used this activity in the classroom, students had to think creatively to complete these activities. The projects were challenging yet fun for the students. All in all it was a great experience. I will defiantly use this project in future years.

#1 Printable – Get this printable.

RAFT Activity #1#2 Printable – Get this printable.RAFT Activity #2
#3 Printable – Get this printable.

RAFT Activity #3

#4 Printable – Get this printable.

Get free printables for RAFT. This great writing strategy will help your students better understand the role of the writer and audience.

Gay Miller


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