Analogies are such an important skill for students to master. Many standardized tests use analogies to check for vocabulary mastery. Included here are three analogy activities you can use in the classroom to help your students practice analogies.
#1 Boom Learning Online Task Cards
Enjoy these free online task cards hosted by Boom Learning. Click here to get to the cards.
I love to begin my study of analogies with pictures. You need enough pictures for each student in the class to have one picture.
Step 1 ~ Tell the students that when the signal is given, they are to move around the room and find a picture that is related to the one they are holding. They are to stand with the person holding the related picture until everyone is in pairs.
Step 2 ~ Once students are in pairs, a second signal will be given. Students are to move in pairs around the room until they find a related pair.
Step 3 ~ Once students are in groups of four, they must discuss among themselves the relationship of the pictures they hold.
Step 4 ~ Students share their analogy grouping with the class and tell the relationship among the four pictures.
I made a set of analogy pictures like the example set below and laminated them for repeated use. I use these pictures each year as an introductory activity to my analogy unit. The students enjoy the activity, and they really begin to understand the concept of analogies. [For lower grades, you may want to stick with synonyms and antonyms.] For fifth grade up, you will want to add additional word relationships such as:
hammer: nails :: screwdriver : screws (tool)
ice : fire :: city : country (antonyms)
Model T : Corvette :: baby : adult (age)
day : night :: winter : summer (times)
collie : dog :: motorcycle : vehicle (classification)
wet floor : fall :: texting while driving : car crash (cause/effect)
study : good grades :: tickle : laugh (action/result)
These pictures represent parts of a whole.
These YouTube videos are great for younger students. They were perfect for my fourth grade class.
#4 Online Analogy Practice
#5 Printable Analogy Practice