Transition words and phrases improve the flow of writing by linking ideas, sentences, and paragraphs. They show relationships which helps readers understand thoughts and concepts. Transitions may connect, contrast, show cause/effect, indicate order, and a number of other relationships. Using transitions helps writing flow. Disconnected ideas are turned into a unified whole. They prepare readers for what is coming next.
Common Core addresses transitional words in the writing standards.
Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events.
Use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage the sequence of events.
Use appropriate transitions to clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
While the standards are quite similar throughout the grade levels, each level adds additional components students must master. Fourth and fifth graders should use transitions when writing a sequence; however fifth graders use clauses in addition to words and phrases. Sixth graders begin adding other types of relationships. Think cause/effect, compare/contrast, adding an example, and so on.
This short eight-page resource booklet requires only two pieces of paper of paper plus an optional cover to print yet will be a valuable reference guide for your students when writing.
The book may be printed and glued into an interactive notebook, in front of a writing journal, or dropped into a page protector sleeve and clipped into a three-ring binder. As students write, they can reference the organizer to find new words to use.
Using the Reference Booklet
Encourage students to use a variety of transition words. Sometimes two words and phrases mean the exactly the same. Instead of repeating a phrase over and over, students can use slight variations. The word lists featured in the booklet will help students select alternate words and phrases to use.
|Type of Transition||Words or Phrases to Use||Example sentence|
|Sequencing/Order||afterward||My family went to see the play Shrek, afterward we drove two hours to get back home.|
|Add an Idea||furthermore;
in addition; besides
|Recycling is good for our landfills; furthermore, it helps save natural resources.|
|Problems and Solutions||consequently; as a result||Jane could argue for hours; consequently, it made more sense to submit to her wishes.|
|Summarizing||in conclusion||In conclusion, Sam asked his mother if she would like to visit the Grand Canyon.|
|To Give an Example||specifically||There is no reason to fear insects – specifically lady bugs that eat aphids and do not hurt humans.|
|in the same way||There is no reason why an electrician should also be a good carpenter. In the same way, a carpenter can be a bad electrician.|
|For Emphasis||undoubtedly||The large size of the Ostrich is undoubtedly why it can’t fly.|
Examples of How Transitions Can Clarify the Meaning
Stephen picked up John before stopped by McDonald’s for lunch.|
Stephen picked up John after he stopped by McDonald’s for lunch
Example 2 [Add Information]
I eat green beans because they are healthy, but I hate them.
Example 3 [Contrast]
We went to the fair, in spite of the fact that the weather was too cold to make it fun.
Example 4 [Cause/Effect]
Because it is raining today, we are not going to school.
It is snowing today. As a result, we are not going to school.
It is snowing today. Consequently, we are not going to school.
It is snowing today. That is why, we are not going to school.
It is snowing today; therefore, we are not going to school.
Example 5 [Emphasis]
Meghan decided not to go to the beach. In fact she told me, “No, way.”
I recommend showing this video to students. The narrator does an excellent job explaining why transition words are important. He uses several examples to illustrate his points making it a great addition to your lesson.