Analogy Lesson

I created this analogy lesson for a planned observation with a class of fourth graders. The lesson went extremely well. Students were on task which really impressed the supervisor. The full lesson can be downloaded for free at Teachers Pay Teachers.  

Activity #1

I love using response cards in the classroom. Response cards require students pay attention because it is obvious when a student holds up the same card each time or no card at all. As a teacher, I can quickly see if students understand the concept I am teaching or need additional practice.

For the first activity, use response cards to make sure students can recognize the difference between antonyms and synonyms. Two versions of the response cards are provided; one pair contains pictures to help differentiate instruction.

Word PairsFree Analogy Mini Lesson

  • early late
  • smooth rough
  • near close
  • full empty
  • large giant

If students need additional practice, use dry erase boards and multiple choice questions.

(You will find questions in the printable on Teachers Pay Teachers.)

Activity #2


My students love to play “Round About.” I created a blog post explaining the game earlier, so I won’t repeat them here.

Included in the free product are printable analogies with the final word left blank.

Three levels are provided in the printable:

  • Level 1 – On Level Readers 

soft : loud :: slow : ______________

  • Level 2 – Below Level Readers

Level 2 uses the same words as Level 1; however, pictures are included to help below level readers.

Picture Analogies

  • Level 3 – Advanced Readers 

The first set of words in each analogy contains more advanced words. The second set contains the same analogy pairs as Levels 1 and 2, so students can all play the same game.


descend : climb :: slow : ______________________

Activity #3

Divide students into learning groups of four students each. Groups are given three choices of activities

Choice One – Picture Analogies

Each student creates one drawing in a series of four. The group first decides if their drawings are going to be synonyms or antonyms. Students then work in pairs to create drawings that coordinate. The end results look similar to the image below.

Analogy Pictures

Choice Two – Analogy Situation

The group creates a poster that compares two real life events. These simile-like comparisons are often used by writers.

Situation Analogies

Choice Three – Analogy Poem 

Students write a series of analogies. The final words in the sets rhyme giving the analogy a poem feel.

 Analogy Poems

Download this free mini lesson on Teachers Pay Teachers.

FREE Analogy Mini Lesson

Gay Miller


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