Middle Ages

Time Periods

6.5.1 WH 1, 2 Read a timeline and order events of the past between prehistory and the Renaissance.
6.5.7 WH 1, 2 Recognize major historical time periods (i.e., Early Civilizations, Classical Period, Dark Ages, Middle Ages, and Renaissance).





WH 2

Evaluate to what extent civilizations build on the accomplishments of previous civilizations.


WH 1, 2

Identify characteristics including economy, social relations, religion, and political authority of various societies (i.e., Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek City-States, Roman Empire, Indian, and Medieval).

6.4.5 GC Compare and contrast the lives of individual citizens in various governmental organizations (i.e., monarchial systems, feudal systems, caste systems, and democratic systems-Greek).
6.5.3 WH 1, 2 Identify types of artifacts by pictorial representation (i.e., Egyptian, Roman, Greek, Chinese, Native American, Medieval, and Renaissance).
6.6.3 WH 1, 2 Describe the ways in which individuals can change groups (i.e., Martin Luther – Christian church, William of Normandy – English Monarchy, Joan of Arc – Hundred Years War, and Buddha – Chinese Culture).
6.4.3 GC Identify the development of written laws (i.e., Hammurabi’s Code, Justinian Code, and Magna Carta).
6.5.9 WH 2 Recognize and order major historical events on a timeline between the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
6.6.2 WH 1, 2 Recognize the impact of individuals on world history (i.e., Charlemagne, Joan of Arc, William the Conqueror, Ramses II, Julius Caesar, Socrates, Aristotle, Marco Polo, Alexander the Great, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Martin Luther, and Johannes Gutenberg).






Recognize the roles assigned to individuals in various societies (i.e., caste systems, feudal systems, city-state systems, and class systems).


Day 1 - How Middle Ages Began



United Streaming

Civilizations: Fall of Power

Timeline 6.5.1 & 6.5.7

Have students create a timeline of the Middle Ages

Middle Ages (500-1400)

Renaissance (1400-1700)

500 AD 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700
  Charlemagne born in 742 William the Conqueror
crowned King of England in 1066


Magna Carta 1215 Joan of Arc 1429

Martin Luther (1483-1546)

Early Middle Ages
High Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages


Make a Medieval Clock (an hourglass)

Students need:

 two equal sized bottles

 enough sand to fill one bottle


Remove labels and clean bottles. After drying fill one with sand. Tape the second bottle onto the top of the first. Time how long it takes for the sand to pour from one bottle to the next.


Day 2  -  Charlemagne (mightiest tribal warlord) & the Holy Roman Empire


Lecture 6.6.2

Show Students Pictures

The Usborne Internet-Linked Medieval World

pages 18-19 Charlemagne's Empire & The Holy Roman Empire

Students color Charlemagne from DOVER History of the Sword Coloring Book


Day 3 The Vikings & The Norman Conquest


Lecture 6.6.2 & 6.6.3


Show Students Pictures

The Usborne Internet-Linked Medieval World

pages 12-13 Vikings at Home

pages 14-15 Vikings Abroad

pages 16-17 Anglo-Saxon England

page 20 The Norman conquest

United Streaming

Horsepower: Harnessed for War

Have students make coat of arms banners or a tapestry.

banners2.gif (29192 bytes)

During the early Middle Ages warriors had a hard time trying to identify who they were fighting in battles and tournaments. The knights of the 1100's decided to solve this problem by creating special designs called Coat of Arms for their shields. The knight picked almost any design he liked including pictures of lions, dragons, eagles, falcons, crowns, diamonds, and other shapes. Coat of Arms were later added to tunics and shoulder guards wore by the knights. They were also embroidered or woven onto banners that were carried by the knights into battle.

Fathers passed down their Coat of Arms to their oldest sons. Younger sons wore a version of their father's Arms. The rule was that the younger son had to change the design somewhat. If the warrior died without a male heir, his daughter was allowed to combine her father's Coat of Arms with her husband's. 


Show pictures of the Bayeux Tapestry (One famous tapestry is the Bayeux Tapestry. Woven into the tapestry was pictures of the Norman conquest of England in 1066. The pictures and words on the tapestry were embroidered with colored wool onto linen. The tapestry is over two hundred feet long and about twenty inches wide.



Day 4 Feudal System


Lecture 6.4.4 and 6.4.5

United Streaming

Living History: Living in Medieval Europe

Have students use computer to make Feudal System Pyramid.



Day 5 Joan of Arc & the Hundred Years' War


Lecture 6.6.2

Show Students Pictures

The Usborne Internet-Linked Medieval World

page 21 The Hundred Years' War

United Streaming

Animated Hero Classics: Joan of Arc (27:55)

The Story of Joan of Arc (Dover Pictorial Archive Series)


Day 6 Life in the Middle Ages - Castles

motte-palisade-bailey style castle

United Streaming

Elementary Video Adventures: Times Medieval

Elementary Video Adventures: Landmarks of Civilization

Assemble Castle


Day 7 The Church & Martin Luther


Lecture 6.6.3


Elementary Video Adventures: Times Medieval

Read to Students Martin Luther: A Man Who Changed the World

United Streaming

Protestant Reformation (1517-1565), The

Craft Project

stainglass3.jpg (5391 bytes) 

Make a mock stained glass window.




Day 8 The Byzantine Empire


Day 9 The Crusades


First Crusade (People's Crusade)

Second Crusade

Jerusalem fell back to the Muslims in 1187


Third Crusade

Fourth Crusade

United Streaming

World History: The Medieval Era

Show Students Pictures

The Usborne Internet-Linked Medieval World

Day 10


Bubonic Plague

Magna Carta

Brain Pop http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/worldhistory/magnacarta/


Worksheet from The Middle Ages: A Study Unit to Promote Critical and Creative Thinking page 75 The Magna Carta: Facts and Opinions




True or False

  1. ____________ The tribes that invaded the Roman Empire were mostly German.

  2. ____________ Charlemagne got together with the Pope to bring back the old Roman Empire.

  3. ____________ The Vikings came out of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.

  4. ____________ After Charlemagne was crowned emperor of Roman Catholic Pope, he spread Judaism over the new Holy Roman Empire.

Fill in the blanks about William of Normandy using the words below.

oars England kings
lucky Vikings fleet
peasants soldiers Anglo-Saxons
monarchy democracy theocracy
  1. William thought it would be a good idea to become King of __________________.
  2. William's ships had one small sail and no ___________________.
  3. William won the battle because he was _________________________.
  4. William fought the _____________________ and won.
  5. William's new form of government was a _______________________.

Multiple Choice

  1. When Rome fell, the Byzantine Empire
    1. fell apart too
    2. kept going
    3. moved to Rome
  2. The Magna Carta was
    1. art
    2. written laws
    3. a famous war

Use the timeline to answer the next questions

Middle Ages (500-1400)

Renaissance (1400-1700)

500 AD 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700
  Charlemagne born in 742 William the Conqueror
crowned King of England in 1066


Magna Carta 1215 Joan of Arc 1429

Martin Luther (1483-1546)

Early Middle Ages
High Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages


 Check each event that could be placed on this timeline.

  1. ____________ founding of Christianity

  2. ____________ building of the Parthenon in Ancient Greece

  3. ____________ plague in Europe

  4. ____________ the founding of Rome

  5. ____________ development of city-states

True or False

  1. ____________ Jerusalem has been a town of interest for three religions.

  2. ____________ The Muslims didn't make it easy for the Christians to go to Jerusalem.

  3. ____________ Pope Urban II decided that the Christians should free Jerusalem.

  4. ____________ The Crusades were fights to get Jerusalem back.

  5. ____________ The main purpose of the First Crusade in 1096 AD was to established colonies.

  6. ____________ The first Crusade was better organized than the Second Crusade.

  7. ____________ Many of the Crusades were pretty horrible and bloody.

Check the sentences that are true about the feudal system of government. Correct the sentences that are incorrect by crossing out the mistake and writing the correct word or phrase to make the statement true.

  1. ____________ Cities were smaller.

  2. ____________ The king lived in the center of the city in a castle.

  3. ____________ The nobles swore an oath of loyalty to the king.

  4. ____________ Serfs were very rich.

  5. ____________ If the noble sold the land, the serf went with it.

  6. ____________ Merchants had the most power during the Middle Ages.

  7. ____________ Serfs lived on a manor.