Time Periods

6.5.7 WH 1, 2 Recognize major historical time periods (i.e., Early Civilizations, Classical Period, Dark Ages, Middle Ages, and Renaissance).

Map Reading SPIs



Identify the basic components of a world map (i.e., compass rose, map key, scale, latitude and longitude lines, continents, and oceans).   



Identify basic geographic forms (i.e., rivers, lakes, bays, oceans, mountains, plateaus, deserts, plains, and coastal plains).



Identify geographic reasons for the location of population centers prior to 1500 (i.e., coastal plains, deserts, mountains, and river valleys).



Use a variety of maps to understand geographic and historical information (i.e., political maps, resource maps, product maps, physical maps, climate maps, and vegetation maps).

Culture SPIs


WH 1, 2

Identify differences between various cultural groups (i.e., European, Eurasian, Indian, Southeast Asian, Middle Eastern, African, and Native American).

6.5.4 WH 1 Recognize the forms of early world writing (i.e. cuneiform and Egyptian/Native American Hieroglyphics).
6.5.3 WH 1, 2 Identify types of artifacts by pictorial representation (i.e., Egyptian, Roman, Greek, Chinese, Native American, Medieval, and Renaissance).



Day 1 - Olmec

  1. Brain Pop Native Americans http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/ushistory/nativeamericans/

  2. Make a Timeline

Preclassic: (2000 BCE -  250 CE) The Olmecs were in power.

Classic: (250-900 CE) The rise of the Maya.

Postclassic: (900-1500 CE) The Toltecs and the Aztecs rule.

  1. Print map of North America for each student  http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/reference_maps/pdf/north_america.pdf

    Have students color areas on the map where Olmec, Maya, and Aztec lived.
    Use Explore the Mesoamerican World Timeline as a coloring guide. http://www.ballgame.org/sub_section.asp?section=1&sub_section=1

  2. Lecture

    • earliest known civilization in Americas was Olmec (AHL-mek)

    • developed in Middle America called Mesoamerica

    • farmers - grew beans, squash, and corn

    • depended on seasonal flooding to make rich soil

    • developed a calendar to keep track of seasonal events

    • religion based on forces of nature

    • jaguar important god

    • built temples in middle of city

    • large stone statues

  3. Discuss the Olmec using the graphic organizer
    Picture Version  ..\indians\blueprint\early_civilizations2.htm
    Word Version  ..\indians\blueprint\early_civilizations.htm
  4. Have student view the Olmec statutes

Day 2  - Maya

  1. United Streaming -
  1. Lecture
  2. Discuss the Maya using the graphic organizer
    Picture Version  ..\indians\blueprint\early_civilizations2.htm
    Word Version  ..\indians\blueprint\early_civilizations.htm

  3. Food - cocoa (Make hot chocolate or dip marshmallows into melted chocolate.)
  4. Craft Activities for the Maya http://teacher.scholastic.com/products/instructor/Sep04_maya.htm

Day 3 - Olmec, Maya, and Aztec

  1. United Streaming -
    • Ancient Americans:  The Mayas and Aztecs - Part 1 (15:23)
  2. Coloring page - Life in Ancient Mexico Coloring Book by John Green

Day 4 - Aztec

  1. Lecture
  2. Discuss the Aztec using the graphic organizer
    Picture Version  ..\indians\blueprint\early_civilizations2.htm
    Word Version  ..\indians\blueprint\early_civilizations.htm
  3. Snaith Primary School Website http://home.freeuk.com/elloughton13/aztecs.htm
  4. United Streaming -
  5. United Streaming Blackline Masters - ANCIENT AMERICANS: THE MAYAS AND AZTECS

Day 5 - Aztec

  1. United Streaming -
  2. Aztec Sun Craft Ideas