The women's rights movement began
in 1848 when a group of women held a convention led by Elizabeth Cady
Stanton in Seneca Falls. They asked for rights in a Declaration of
Independence for Women. These women wanted the same rights as men
including the right to hold good jobs, the right to an education, and
the right to vote.
In 1851 Elizabeth Stanton met
Susan B. Anthony. The two teamed up to work for women's rights. In 1872
Ms. Anthony was arrested for voting in Rochester, New York. She was
found guilty and fined $100.00 which she refused to pay.
Women gained a victory when
Wyoming was added to the Union. Some U.S. territories had given women
the right to vote. In 1889 Wyoming said it would stay out of the Union
rather than come in without women's rights. It was admitted in 1890 with
women having the right to vote. By 1919 Utah, Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming,
and New York had given women the right to vote.
President Wilson asked Congress
for an amendment to the Constitution giving women the right to vote. By
the end of 1920 enough states had ratified the amendment for it to
become a law.
Map of Women's Suffrage laws in various states of
the US immediately before passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920
School, bond, or tax suffrage
Municipal suffrage in some cities
Primary suffrage in some cities