Lesson 4 - The New Government


New powers included:

    • set and collect taxes
    • control trade between states and other countries
    • one money system for the government

One of the first things the Congress did was tell George Washington he had been elected the first President of the United States of America. On April 30, 1789 Washington took the oath of office in New York City.
Today the President and Vice President are elected every four years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November. Anyone over the age of 18 who is a U.S. citizen can vote in that election. The winner of the total vote is said to be the winner of the Popular vote. However the President and Vice President are really elected by a group of people called electors. Each state has the same number of electors as they have Senators and Representatives (535). After the Popular Vote in November, the electors vote. They give the electoral votes from their states to one candidate or the other. The one who has the most electoral votes wins the election. In most cases the electors vote for the same candidate that the people of their states voted for. There have been a few times in history when different candidates won the popular and the elect

Lesson Links

Lesson 1 - Articles of Confederation

Lesson 2 - Writing the Constitution

Lesson 3 - Checks and Balances of the Government

Lesson 4 - The New Government

Lesson 5 - Bill of Rights

The First Political Parties

George Washington

Article I - Legislative Branch

How a Bill Becomes a Law

Article II - Executive Branch

Article III - Judicial Branch