Tag: Ten Interesting Facts

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Halloween

Halloween FactsTen Interesting Facts . . . .Halloween

1.  Chocolate

Chocolate is the most popular type of Halloween candy. It makes up about three-fourths of all trick-or-treat candy.

 

Candy Type Sales Average Price Introduction Company


$509.85 million

$1.25

1928

Hershey


$500.82 million

$1.15

1941

Mars


$456.91 million

$1.11

1930

Mars


$324.63 million

$1.05

1900

Hershey


$306.51 million

$1.11

1935

Hershey


$116.13 million

$1.56

1993

Mars


$101.27 million

$1.12

1932

Mars


$100.70 million

$1.02

1994

Hershey


$93.46 million

$1.03

1923

Mars


$82.25 million

$1.04

1946

Hershey

 

2. Amount

Approximately 90 million pounds of candy are purchased during Halloween.

 

3. Tootsie Pops

It takes an average of 252 licks to get to the center of a Tootsie Pop.

 

4. Sneaking Candy

Ninety percent of parents say they sneak candy from their children’s Halloween bag.

 

candy corn

5. Candy Corn

The National Confectioner’s Association reported that more than 35 million pounds of candy corn are sold each year. That is nine billion kernels.

 

6. Pets

Over $300 million are spent on Halloween costumes for pets yearly.

 Harry Houdini ~ Ten Interesting Facts . . . Halloween

7. Harry Houdini

Harry Houdini died on Halloween night from a appendicitis after receiving three stomach punches.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. Costumes

Approximately 40% of Americans dress up in Halloween costumes.

 

9. Treat-or-Treat

About 72% of Americans hand out Halloween candy, 46% carve pumpkins, 21% visit haunted houses, and 12% dress up their pets.

 

10. Jack O’ Lanterns

The first Jack O’ Lanterns were made out of turnips.

 

Information Sources

 

Get a free printable version of this article by clicking here.


~~**^**~~Free Monster Cards~~**^**~~

 

Free Printable Halloween Cards

These cards work well with Halloween trivia. Simply have your students research interesting facts, write them on the cards, then assemble the monster. These make a terrific bulletin board.

 

Halloween Facts Bulletin BoardExamples ~~ 6th Grader

Halloween Bulletin Board

 

Example ~ 2nd Grader

Halloween Bulletin Board

This activity could even be adapted for kindergarten. I asked students to tell me something they liked to do on Halloween. I wrote their sentences on index cards. The students then copy the sentences onto their monster card.

Halloween Bulletin Board

 

Gay Miller

 

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Worms

Ten Interesting Facts about Worms

Earthworm1. Migration

Worms have not always lived in America. Many scientists believe that worms living in America were killed during the Ice Age. This was approximately 10,000 to 50,000 years ago. During the 1600’s and 1700’s, Europeans brought worms to North America as they were forming the colonies. This was quite by accident. Colonists wanted to bring plants from their native countries to the New World. The worms were living in the dirt that surrounded the plants. Just think, if worms had not been brought to the New World, American soil would be very poor.

2. Harmful?

Some people think worms are bad for the garden. They have seen damage created by pests. Cockroaches, termites, beetles, and silverfish love to eat paper and the binding of books. Malaria is spread to thousands of people each year through mosquito bites. Fleas carry bacteria which can cause humans to get sick when bitten. It’s no wonder that people think earthworms are harmful as well.

3. Size

Earthworms vary greatly in size. Some are only an inch long while others are many feet long. The Australian giant earthworms average about ten feet in length. The largest earthworm ever found measured 22 feet from anterior to posterior. In North America, the largest common night crawlers are only about 12 inches.

4. Behavior

Some earthworms receive their names based on their behavior. The night crawler comes up to the surface at night. The angleworm is often used for bait by fisherman. The rain worm leaves the water soaked soil after storms.

5. Breathing

Earthworms breathe through their skin.

6. Young

Baby worms hatch from eggs fully formed. They can live up to eight years although one to two years is the norm.

7. Food

Earthworms eat mostly leaves. Their digestive system is a tube that runs from their mouths to the rear portion of their bodies. Earthworms move nutrients such as potassium and nitrogen into the soil. In fact, some gardeners buy earthworms and place them in their gardens.

8. Benefits

While earthworms are extremely beneficial to farmlands, they can cause harm to northern forests. Northern forests have a cushion of decaying leaves called duff. This is beneficial to young trees and insects. When earthworms move through the duff, they eat it up leaving young saplings and insects without needed nutrients.

9. Movement

Hairs on each segment of the earthworm help it move through the soil.

10. Species

There are about 6,000 species of worms.

Classification of Worms

Classification

Characteristic

Example

Platyhelminthes

flatworms

tapeworms

flukes

Platyhelminthes have flat, ribbon or leaf-shaped body with a pair of eyes at the front.

flatworm

flatworm

Nematoda

threadworms

roundworm

hookworms

Nematoda are difficult to distinguish.

More than half are parasitic.

hookworms

hookworms

Annelida

earthworms

bristle worms

Annelida have bodies which are divided into segments or rings.

earthworm

earthworm

Sources of Worm Information:

 

 

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . Worms.

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How to Eat Fried Worms Book Unit Samples
“Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Worms” would be a great close activity to add to your How to Eat Fried Worms unit. 

If you would like to try out the How to Eat Fried Worms Book Unit before you buy it, this download contains free samples including:

  • Comprehension Questions for Chapters 1-2 (Multiple Choice and Short Answer Formats)
  • Constructive Response Question – Course of Action
  • English Lesson 1 – Paragraph Structure

 

 

How to Eat Fried Worms

 

How to Eat Fried Worms Book Unit contains vocabulary, comprehension, constructive response writing, and skill practice.

Gay Miller

 

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Surviving in the Wilderness

Ten Interesting Facts . . .
Surviving the Wilderness

  1. Water Needed for Surviving in the Wilderness

    • Humans need eight cups of water each day.

    • When 1% of the total water weight of a person’s body is lost, the person will feel thirsty.

    • Sixteen drops of bleach will treat one gallon of water.

    • Approximately 4000 people are treated annually from drinking contaminated water in the United States.

    • A person can survive without water for three to five days.

  1. Food Needed for Surviving in the Wilderness

    • A person can survive without food for approximately 30 days.

    • Insects and bugs are high in protein and are great survival foods.

  2. Temperature

    • Most hypothermia cases develop between 30 to 50 degrees. Body temperature only has to drop 2ᴼ for hypothermia to begin.

    • Add 37 to the number of chirps a cricket makes in 15 seconds to determine the approximate temperature.

    • The body loses heat twenty-five times faster in water than it does in air.

  1. Universal Distress Calls

    • Three is the universal signal number for distress.

    • When you discover you are lost stay where you are. Yell “Help!” or blow a whistle 3 times to signal you are lost. Wait several seconds. Then turn 90 degrees and try again. Keep doing this. If someone yells back, let him come to you. Sometimes echoes may cause you to lose your orientation. Even if someone sounds far away, keep yelling. They may sound this way because they are turned away from you.

  1. S.T.O.P.

    At the moment you realize you are lost you should S.T.O.P. (Sit, Think, Observe, and Plan). The first ten minutes of being lost is when most search fatalities make their deadly mistake. Stay calm. Use your head, not your feet. Staying calm is important to surviving. Use this acronym to remember:

S – Sit down.

T -Think.

O -Observe your surroundings.

P – Prepare for survival by gathering materials.

6. Items Needed for Surviving in the Wilderness

According to the Charley Shimanski of Mountain Rescue, there are ten essential items that every hiker and backpacker should carry. They are — 

map


U.S. Geological Survey topographic map and magnetic compass

flashlight


flashlight with extra batteries and bulbs

clothes


extra clothing including mittens, hat,  jacket, and rain gear

sunglasses


sunglasses

 waterfood


extra food and water

matches


waterproof matches in a waterproof container

candles


candle/ fire starter

pocket knife


pocket knife

first aid kit


first aid kit

trash bag


space blanket or two large heavy-duty trash bags

 

  1. Rescue Incidents

    From 1992 to 2007 there were 78,488 individuals involved in 65,439 search and rescue incidents in the United States National Parks.

 

  • 2659 fatalities

  • 24,288 ill or injured individuals

  • 13,212 saves

  1. Rescue Expenses

    Search and rescue operations are expensive. On average, the United States National Park Services responds to 11.2 incidents daily. This costs around $895 per operation.

  • In 1998, Denali Nation Park in Alaska rescued eight climbers by helicopter over the course of five days. This rescue cost more than $220,000. At the time this was the most expensive rescue in history.

  • Grand Teton National Park had a record high of more than $219,000 in 2011. The park completed 33 major searches.

  • Rocky Mountain National Park spent $41,000 to rescue a hiker in May 2014.

  1. Most Common Types of Rescues

    • Hiking ~ 48%

    • Boating ~ 21%

  2. Types of Accidents

    Approximately twenty percent of the National Park Service search and rescue missions result in fatality.

Most Common Fatalities Requiring Search and Rescue

  • Hiking ~ 22.8%

  • Suicides ~ 12.1%

  • Swimming ~ 10.1%

  • Boating ~ 10.1%

Information Sources

Photo Credit

Get a printable version of Ten Interesting Facts
. . . Surviving in the Wilderness.

 

Free Graphic Organizer to use with Hatchet
by Gary Paulsen

Free Organizer to use with Hatchet by Gary PaulsenFree Graphic Organizer to use with Hatchet by Gary Paulsen

Free Graphic Organizer to use with Hatchet by Gary Paulsen

Answer Key Provided

Hatchet Book Unit Samples

Hatchet Book Unit Free Samples

If you would like to try out the Hatchet Book Unit before you buy it, this download contains free samples including:

  • Comprehension Questions for Chapters 1-2
  • Constructive Response Question – Foreshadowing
  • Lesson 1 on Characters
  • Introduction Lesson for Descriptive Writing

Hatchet Book Unit contains vocabulary, comprehension, constructive response writing, and skill practice.Gay Miller

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Earth’s Sun

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Earth’s Sun

Sun Photo

1. Description

Our sun is 4.59 billion years old. It is a Yellow Dwarf with a diameter of 1,392,684 kilometers. The surface temperature is 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit (5500 degrees Celsius), and its core is around 27 million degrees Fahrenheit (13,600,000 degrees Celsius).

2. Size

The sun is 960,000 times bigger than Earth. It makes up around 99.86% of the Solar System’s mass. Jupiter takes up most of the final mass. If you flatten out Earth, it would take 11,990 of them to cover the surface of the Sun.

 

 

  Diameter Ratio of the Sun
Compared to . . .
Sun 1377648 km
Mercury 4880 km 1 to 277.
Venus 12104 km 1 to 113.
Earth 12756 km 1 to 108.
Moon 3476 km 1 to 416.
Mars 6788 km 1 to 208.
Jupiter 142740 km 1 to 9.68
Saturn 120034 km 1 to 11.4
Uranus 51152 km 1 to 26.8
Neptune 49620 km 1 to 27.7
Pluto 2296 km 1 to 625

3. Growing

The sun is slowly becoming brighter. In about a billion years from now, the Sun will grow so hot that life on Earth will be destroyed. Liquid water will dry up. In another 7 billion years, the Sun will reach the giant phase and will expand to engulf Earth.

4. Changing

After expanding, the sun will collapse to be approximately the size of Earth. When this happens, it will be called a dwarf white. About 74% of the Sun is hydrogen. It has already burned off about half of its stored hydrogen.

5. Shape

The sun is almost a perfect sphere.

6.  Light

Light travels at the rate of 300,000 kilometer per second. Because of this, light from the Sun takes 8 minutes and 20 seconds to reach Earth.

7.Orbit

Just as the Earth orbits the sun, the sun orbits the center of the Milky Way. This takes 225-250 million years to complete.

8.Rotation

Because the sun is a sphere of hydrogen gas, different parts rotate at different speeds. The area near the equator takes about 25 days to complete one rotation, and the areas near the poles take around 36 days.

9. Magnetic Polarity

Every 11 years, the sun reverses its magnetic polarity. The north magnetic pole becomes the south pole and the south pole becomes the north pole.

10. Gravity

Gravity is so strong on the sun that a person weighing 150 pounds on Earth would weigh more than 4,000 pounds on the Sun.

 

  The weight of a
150 pound person on . . .
Sun 4060.8
Mercury 56.7
Venus 136
Earth 150
Moon 24.9
Mars 56.5
Jupiter 354.6
Saturn 159.6
Uranus 133.3
Neptune 168.7
Pluto 10

 

Information Sources

http://space-facts.com/the-sun/

http://sciencenetlinks.com/interactives/messenger/psc/PlanetSize.html

http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/space/sun.html

http://www.universetoday.com/17982/10-interesting-facts-about-the-sun/

http://facts.randomhistory.com/2009/07/06_sun.html


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Ten Interesting Facts . . The Sun

 

  

Get Free Sun Graphic Organizer Sun Foldable Graphic Organizer

Gay Miller

 

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Great Depression

Ten Interesting Facts . . . .
The Great Depression

  1. Black Tuesday

     On October 29, 1929, the stock market lost $14 billion. During the week of Black Tuesday, the stock market lost $30 billion. This would be equivalent to $377,587,032,770.41 today.
  2. Photos

    Dorothea Lange’s photo of Florence Thompson with several of her children has become a moving symbol of the Great Depression.
    In the photo, Florence Thompson was age 32 years old. She had seven children. Florence was a migrant pea picker in California. This photo was taken in February or March of 1936 in Nipomo, California.
     Migrant Mother
  3. Unemployment Rate

    Average Rate of Unemployment during the Great Depression

1929: 3.2%
1930: 8.9%
1931: 16.3%
1932: 24.1%
1933: 24.9%
1934: 21.7%
1935: 20.1%
1936: 16.9%
1937: 14.3%
1938: 19.0%
1939: 17.2%

  1. Monopoly

The board game Monopoly became a big success when it first went on the market in 1935. Players could pretend to be rich. This was a nice break from the reality of the depression.

  1. Gangsters

As money became scarce, gangsters began to surface. Some infamous gangsters of the 1930’s included:

  • John Dillinger
  • “Baby Face” Nelson
  • Machine Gun Kelly
  • Pretty Boy Floyd
  • Ma Barker and her Boys
  • Bonnie and Clyde
  1. Movies

    Going to the movies was a favorite pastime during the Great Depression.

    Approximately 60 to 80 million Americans went to the movies weekly. Hit movies included: 

    • Tom Sawyer (1930)
    • Frankenstein (1931)
    • King Kong (1933)
    • Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937)
    • The Wizard of Oz (1939)
    • Gone with the Wind (1939)
    • Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939)
    The Wizard of Oz
  2. Income

    Average Wages during the 1930’s

Occupation Income
Industries $1388/year
Government Workers $1517/year
Public School Teacher $1455/year
Building Trades $1233/year
Health Services Worker $933/year
Doctor $3172/year
  1. Cutting Costs

    Because buttons were too expensive, Americans began using zippers during the Great Depression.
  1. Roosevelt’s New Deal

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt promised a “New Deal for the American People” when he became President in 1933. He established a number of federal organizations such as TVA, NRA, CCC, and WPA to get people back to work.
  2.  Price of Goods

    Product Price in the 1920s Price in the 1930s Price in the 1940s Prince in the 1950s
    Butter (Pound) $ .70 $ .46 $ .42 $ .74
    Eggs (Dozen) $ .78 $ .52 $ .45 $ .67
    Rice (Pound) $ .17 $ .09 $ .08 $ .17
    Washing Machine (Electrical) $ 85.00 $ 74.50 $ 48.00 $ 65.00
    Bicycle $ 43.00 $ 32.00 $29.00 $45.00

     

    Information Sources

    50 Interest Facts about the Great Depression

    The Great Depression Statistics

    The Depression Facts

    Facts and Figures” Income and Prices 1900-1999

    Photo Credits

    Mother and Children

    Migrant Mother

    The Wizard of Oz

     

     

     

     

    Learn facts about the Great Depression. This is a great non-fiction supplement to several novels including Out of the Dust, ECHO, and Esperanza Rising.

    Gay Miller

     

     

     

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Holocaust

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Holocaust

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Holocaust

  1. Raoul Wallenberg

    Raoul Wallenberg was the First Secretary to the Swedish Embassy in Budapest in July 1944. He is credited with rescuing more Jewish people during the Holocaust than any other person or nation. Wallenberg rescued around 100,000 people. He did this by issuing “protective passports.” Wallenberg also rented over 30 buildings to house Jewish refugees. In front of these buildings, he flew the Swedish flag. He also put up fake signs reading “The Swedish Research Institute.”

  2. Giovanni Palatucci

    Giovanni Palatucci was an Italian police official and lawyer. He used his authority as Chief of the Foreigners’ Office to forge travel papers for Jewish people. This permitted hundreds of Jews an escape to Fiume where they settled. Palatucci also destroyed documented records for 5,000 Jewish refugees. This prevented them from being sent to concentration camps.

  3. Extermination Camps

Camp name Killed
Auschwitz II 1,000,000
Belzec 600,000
Chełmno 320,000
Jasenovac 58–97,000
Majdanek 360,000
Maly Trostinets 65,000
Sobibór 250,000
Treblinka 870,000
  1. Oskar Schindler

    Oskar Schindler was a German industrialist. He had originally hired Jewish slave laborers for his ammunition factory in Poland. When he witnessed innocent people packed onto trains heading for concentration camps, he began smuggling children out of the ghettos. He spent millions bribing and paying off the Nazis. Schindler allowed Jewish women and children along with disabled and unskilled workers to work in his factory. He even moved the workers several times to keep them out of harm’s way. Schindler died penniless because he spent his wealth helping the Jews.

  1. Andre Trocmé

    Andre Trocmé was a French Protestant pastor. He arranged for the rescue of between 3,000 to 5,000 Jews.  He asked private families to take in the refugees and children.

  2. Irena Sendler

    Irena Sendler was a Polish Catholic social worker. She began helping Jewish families by producing thousands of false documents. She joined a resistance group Zegota (Council for Aid to Jews). Sendler was appointed head of the children’s department. Sendler organized 2,500 children to be smuggled out of the Warsaw ghetto. She gave these children new identities and placed them with Polish families. They also were sent to orphanages and convents.

 

  1. Nicholas Winton

    Nicholas Winton was a British Stockbroker. He was visiting Prague when he saw a large number of refugees. A group of British had set up camps for the elderly and vulnerable, but nothing was being done for the children. Winton organized the Czech Kindertransport. This was a train transport which saved 669 children. The train brought the children to England and Sweden. He found foster parents for these children but had to stop with the outbreak of World War II.

 

Winton’s Prague Memorial by Flor

Winton’s Prague Memorial by Flor

  1. Chiune Sugihara

    Chiune Sugihara was a Japanese diplomat. He began issuing visas to help refugees leave Lithuania. When the Soviets took over Lithuania, he was reassigned to Berlin. As Sugihara headed to the train station, he discovered a mob of refugees with unstamped passports. Sugihara threw the official stamp into the crowd. This action saved between 2,000 to 10,000 Jews.

  2. Varian Fry

    Varian Fry was an American Journalist. He witnesses the Nazi treatment of the Jews on his trip to Berlin in 1935. Fry raised funds for a European anti-Nazi movement. After France was invaded in 1940, Fry went to Marseille to run his network. Fry was able to secure visas for around 3,000 anti-Nazi and Jewish refugees. Many were prominent artists and intellectuals.

  3. Concentration Camps

    An estimated eleven million people were killed during the Holocaust. Hitler’s plan was to eliminate any population of people he felt was inferior.

    Concentration Camps

    Victims Killed
    Slavs 10.547 million
    Jews 5.9 million
    Soviet POWs 2–3 million
    Ethnic Poles 1.8–2 million
    Romani 220,000–1,500,000
    Disabled 200,000–250,000
    Freemasons 80,000–200,000
    Slovenes 20,000–25,000
    Homosexuals 5,000–15,000
    Jehovah’s Witnesses 2,500–5,000
    Spanish Republicans 7000

     

    Information Sources

    Victims

    The Holocaust

    The Shalom Show on TV 

    Photo Credits

    Winton Memorial

    Shirt

     

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The Holocaust.

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Holocaust Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Holocaust
Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Holocaust

 

Story Elements Booklet

FREE Number the Stars Story Elements BookletFree Samples for
Number the Stars Chapters 1 & 2

Number the Star Free Book Unit Samples

Purchase the Number the Stars Book Unit.Number the Stars Book Unit

Gay Miller

 

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The American Civil War

 

1. Lincoln’s Hat Shot

In August 1863 while Abraham Lincoln was heading home from the White House, someone took a shot at him. The bullet went through his hat. Lincoln asked the guards to keep the incident quiet because he did not want to worry his wife.

2. Fort Sumter

The first confrontation of the Civil War took place on April 12, 1861 when Confederate troops attacked Fort Sumter beginning the war. The war ended on April 9, 1865 when Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House. The beginning and ending dates were used in creating the title of the Civil War novel Across Five Aprils.

3. Deaths

Approximately 625,000 men died in the Civil War. This is more than any other American War.

 

Major U.S. War U.S. Deaths Date
American Revolutionary War 25,000 1775 – 1783
Civil War 625,000 1861 – 1865
World War I 116,516 1917 – 1918
World War II 405,399 1941 – 1945
Korean War 36,516 1950 – 1953
Vietnam War 58,209 1955 – 1975
Gulf War 258 1990 – 1991
Afghanistan War 2,229 2001 – Present
Iraqi War 4,800 2003 – 2011

4. Size of the Armies

The Union Army had 2,100,000 soldiers. This was almost twice the size of the Confederate Army of 1,064,000.

5. Number of Slaves

Of the 9 million people living in the Southern States, 3.4 million were slaves. Two states actually had more slaves than free people: Mississippi and South Carolina. These slaves were worth more than 2 billion dollars.

6. Uniforms

During the first few battles of the Civil War, soldiers did not have regular uniforms. This made knowing who was the enemy difficult.

7. Disease

More men died from disease than in the actual fighting.

 

Top Ten Causes of Military Deaths

Cause Confederacy Union
1. Killed in action 54,000 67,000
2. Dysentery/Diarrhea 50,000 45,000
3. Wounds 40,000 43,700
4. Typhoid 30,000 34,800
5. Prison 26,100 31,200
6. Pneumonia 17,000 20,000
7. Malaria 20,000 10,000
8. Smallpox 8,000 7,000
9. Tuberculosis 7,000 7,000
10. Measles 6,000 5,2000

 

8. Worst Battles

The bloodiest day in U.S. military history took place at Antietam on September 17, 1862 when more than 5,000 soldiers died.

Top Bloodiest Civil War Battles

Battle / Date / Place Commanders Forces Engaged Winner Casualties
Gettysburg
July 1-3, 1863
PA
Robert E. Lee (S)
George G. Meade (N)
75,000 (S) 82,289 (N) North North: 23,049
South: 28,063
Total: 51,112
Chickamauga S
ept. 19-20, 1863

GA
Braxton Bragg (S)
William S. Rosecrans (N)
66,326 (S) 58,222 (N) South North: 16,170
South: 18,454
Total: 34,624
Chancellorsville
May 1-4,1863
VA
Robert E. Lee (S)
Joseph Hooker (N)
60,892 (S) 133,868 (N) South North: 17,278
South: 12,821
Total: 30,099
Spotsylvania
May 8-19
VA
Robert E. Lee (S)
Ulysses S. Grant (N)
50,000 (S) 83,000 (N) South North: 18,300
South: 9,000
Total: 27,399
Antietam (Sharpsburg)
Sept. 17, 1862
MD
Robert E. Lee (S)
George B. McClellan (N)
51,844 (S) 75,316 (N) Draw North: 12,410
South: 13,724
Total: 26,134
Wilderness
May 5-7, 1864
VA
Robert E. Lee (S)
Ulysses S. Grant (N)
61,025 (S) 101,895 (N) Draw North: 17,666

9. Age of the Soldiers

The average Civil War soldier was 23 years old. He averaged 5’8” tall and weighed about 143 pounds.

10. Slaves Escaping

Before the Civil War, approximately 5,000 slaves tried to escape each year. Once the Civil War began, about 5,000 slaves tried to escape each month.

 

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Free American Civil War Timeline ~ Staggered Flip Graphic Organizer

Gay Miller

 

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