(Think-Tac-Toe, BINGO, Menus, RAFT, and 1-3-5)
Units of study that provide students with the option to choose tasks is a great way to differentiate instruction. Activities are placed on graphic organizers for students to select. Tasks may be organized based on Bloom’s Taxonomy, the complexity of the tasks, learning styles, or multiple intelligence.
Some advantages include —
Think-Tac-Toe Choice Board
With the Think-Tac-Toe Choice Boards, students are given a choice of nine items printed in a 3 by 3 grid to look like Tic-Tac-Toe. Students must complete three tasks in a vertical, horizontal, or diagonal Tic-Tac-Toe row. The boards need to have a variety of activities that include different types of learning.
For example, for a list of vocabulary words students might:
BINGO Choice Board
Bingo Choice Boards are very similar to Tic-Tac-Toe boards. Students must select tasks in a vertical, horizontal, or diagonal row. This will include 4 or 5 tasks depending on the direction a student decides to go.
With menus, students select activities the same way they select from a menu in a restaurant. The activities can be for a single lesson, a series of lessons, or a full unit of study.
Appetizers (Flexible – Open for Discussion)
Students must select one appetizer from a list.
The Main Dish (Required – Non-Negotiable Assignment)
Side Dishes (Flexible – Open for Discussion)
Students must select two items from a list.
These are high interest challenging activities that enrich instruction.
RAFT is a writing strategy to help students focus on four areas of communication:
Role of the Writer
Students select the role, audience, format, and topic from a chart listing approximately 16 categories. Within one lesson you may have a student who is a reporter writing an article for women about ways to recycle. In the same lesson, a student might be an advertiser creating an ad for youth on ways to take trash and turn it into furniture. The possibilities are great even within your structured lesson. You can read more about RAFT here and download a free sample lesson using this method.
Students select from a list of activities. Each activity is valued at 1, 3, or 5 points. Students must complete activities that total at least 12 points.
Give Choice Boards including Menus, RAFT, or