The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia from May 25 to September 17, 1787. At this time, Philadelphia was the largest city in North America. The population was 40,000 people. The city had 7,000 street lamps, 33 churches, 10 newspapers, and a university. The convention was held at the Pennsylvania State House. This was the same site where George Washington was appointed the Commander of the Continental Army, the location where the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776, and where the Articles of Confederation was adopted in 1781.
2. James Madison
James Madison is known as “the Father of the Constitution.” He came to the Constitutional Convention with the blueprint for the new Constitution.
3. Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin was 81 years old when the Constitution was signed. His
mind was active, yet he was in poor health. Four prisoners from the Walnut
Street Jail had to carry him to the Convention Hall in a sedan chair. When
leaving the Pennsylvania State House after the final meeting on September 17, 1787 he was asked about the new government. Franklin replied, “A republic, madam, If you can keep it.” Franklin died on April 17, 1790.
Only 39 of the 42 delegates signed the Constitution. The men who refused did so because the Constitution lacked a bill of rights.
George Washington and James Madison were the only Presidents to sign the
James Madison, the “Father of the Constitution,” is on the $5,000 bill.
6. Our Founding Fathers
Of the 55 delegates who attended the Constitutional Convention, 34 were lawyers. Thirty-nine were former Congressmen and 8 were present or past governors.
7. The Size of the Constitution
The Constitution has the 4,543 words. It was written on four sheets of paper.
Four signers of the Constitution were born in Ireland.
The Constitution has the 4,543 words. It was written on four sheets of
The first national Thanksgiving Day was established on November 26, 1789. It was proclaimed by President George Washington as a way of giving thanks for the new Constitution.
10. Preserving the Constitution
The Constitution is on display in the National Archives Building in Washington, D. C. It is behind protective glass framed with titanium. The case is filled with argon gas and is kept at 67 degrees Fahrenheit with a relative humidity
of 40 percent.