Carol Dweck is a psychologist working at Stanford University. Over 30 years ago, she became interested in attitudes versus achievement of students. She studied the success in individuals and compared it to mindset. Her findings are extremely important in the area of education. Dweck divides people into two different groups: fixed and growth mindsets.
A Fixed Mindset
People with a fixed mindset assume everyone has a restrictive aptitude. They also have a specific personality and a certain moral character. Creative abilities and intelligence are static. People with a fixed mindset wonder. — “Will I look smart?” “Will I succeed?” Due to this, they avoid difficult tasks that might show limitations. A person with a fixed mindset avoids tasks that seem challenging. The thinking is if a person avoids difficult tasks, the person won’t make mistakes. People with a fixed mindset feel the need to prove themselves over and over again.Continue Reading
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Authentic learning provides tasks that allow students to learn through real-life situations. Students apply what they have learned in class to realistic circumstances. Often students go outside the classroom. This could include field trips.
For example, students studying finance may visit a business to see how it operates. Students then evaluate the practices the business uses. This aids in a simulation where students create a mock business. Continue Reading
Academic vocabulary consists of words that are not commonly used or frequently encountered in everyday conversation. These words include specialized content vocabulary for specific subjects such as reading/language art, science, social studies, or math. Academic vocabulary also includes terms found on standardized tests. When students understand testing vocabulary, test scores go up. By teaching test vocabulary and how the words look in different forms on a test, students feel better prepared and more confident on test day.
When to Teach Words
When preparing units of study such as novel studies, add four to five academic vocabulary words in with the novel specific words. Select words based on the skills taught during the unit of study. Continue Reading
News reporters use an Inverted Pyramid Story to relay information quickly to readers. Both newspapers and web writers use this approach. News is written in order of importance. The most essential information is placed in the lead paragraph. The purpose for writing using this method is to give the reader the most important information first. The reader will understand the story even if he stops reading after a few lines.
Many feel this method of writing was invented shortly after the telegraph. Reporters tried to condense their stories into as few words as possible to keep the cost of sending a story over telegraph wires low. Also if the connection was lost, the most important details would be received.Continue Reading
Units of study that provide students with the option to choose tasks is a great way to differentiate instruction. Activities are placed on graphic organizers for students to select. Tasks may be organized based on Bloom’s Taxonomy, the complexity of the tasks, learning styles, or multiple intelligence.