Category: Ten Interesting Facts

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . . The Revolutionary War

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Revolutionary WarTen Interesting Facts. . . . The American Revolution
Ten Interesting Facts. . . . The Revolutionary War

 

#1 ~~ Get a printable version of these interesting facts by clicking here.

#2  ~~ Get this free foldable organizer here.

 

Free Foldable Revolutionary War Timeline Organizer

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Revolutionary War Pages at Book Units TeacherRevolutionary War Pages at
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Gay Miller

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Veterans Day

Ten Interesting Facts ~ Veterans Day

 

1. Veterans Day is an official United States holiday that celebrates veterans who served in any U. S. Armed Forces.

2. Veterans Day is observed on November 11. This is a significant date. It is the anniversary of the end of World War I in which fighting ended on the 11th day of the 11th month at the 11th hour in 1918 (November 11, 1918 at 11:00).

3. Timeline of Armistice/Veterans Day

  • President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed November 11, 1919 a holiday to honor the end of the fighting between the Allies and Germany ending World War I.
  • On June 4, 1926 Congress passed a resolution making Armistice Day a holiday.
  • On May 13, 1938 Congress passed an act making Armistice Day a legal holiday.
  • After World War II ended in 1945, Raymond Weeks suggested that Armistice Day be changed to honor all veterans, not just those fighting in World War I.
  • President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into law on May 26, 1954 formally changing Armistice Day to Veterans Day.

4. To give federal employees a three day weekend, Veterans Day was changed from November 11 to the fourth Monday in October from 1971 to 1978. The change was moved back to November 11 to honor this significant date in American history.

5. The Tomb of the Unknowns is a monument in Arlington Cemetery dedicated to soldiers who have died in wars with their remains being unidentified.

6. American Wars

  • Revolutionary War
  • War of 1812
  • Mexican War
  • Civil War
  • Spanish American War
  • World War I
  • World War II
  • Korean War
  • Vietnam War
  • Persian Gulf War
  • Afghanistan War
  • Iraq War

7. The Congressional Medal of Honor is the highest military award in the United States. It is given to men and women who show actions that are above and beyond the call of duty in combat. It was first awarded on March 25, 1863. Approximately 3,450 people have received this award.

8. Disney made films during World War II for each branch of the United States government.

9. Veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars have a higher unemployment rate (9.9%) over the American population (7.7%), according to a March 2013 release from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.  Working veterans’ median income was $35,367. This is higher than that of the U.S. population which was $25,605.

10.

Veterans

Breakdown of 21.9 million military veterans in the U.S. in 2009

War

Voters

Education

2.3
million  African American
7.6
million (Vietnam)  ~
35%
71%
of all veterans

25%
at least a bachelor’s degree

1.1
million Hispanic
4.5
million (Gulf War)
63%
of non-veterans
92%
at least a high school diploma
1.5
million females
2.3
million (World War II )
9.2
million > 65 years old
2.7
million (Korean War)
1.9
million < 35 years old

Sources of Information

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Get a printable version of this article by clicking on one of the images below.

Gay Miller

 

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Halloween

Halloween FactsTen Interesting Facts . . . .Halloween

1.  Chocolate

Chocolate is the most popular type of Halloween candy. It makes up about three-fourths of all trick-or-treat candy.

 

Candy Type Sales Average Price Introduction Company


$509.85 million

$1.25

1928

Hershey


$500.82 million

$1.15

1941

Mars


$456.91 million

$1.11

1930

Mars


$324.63 million

$1.05

1900

Hershey


$306.51 million

$1.11

1935

Hershey


$116.13 million

$1.56

1993

Mars


$101.27 million

$1.12

1932

Mars


$100.70 million

$1.02

1994

Hershey


$93.46 million

$1.03

1923

Mars


$82.25 million

$1.04

1946

Hershey

 

2. Amount

Approximately 90 million pounds of candy are purchased during Halloween.

 

3. Tootsie Pops

It takes an average of 252 licks to get to the center of a Tootsie Pop.

 

4. Sneaking Candy

Ninety percent of parents say they sneak candy from their children’s Halloween bag.

 

candy corn

5. Candy Corn

The National Confectioner’s Association reported that more than 35 million pounds of candy corn are sold each year. That is nine billion kernels.

 

6. Pets

Over $300 million are spent on Halloween costumes for pets yearly.

 Harry Houdini ~ Ten Interesting Facts . . . Halloween

7. Harry Houdini

Harry Houdini died on Halloween night from a appendicitis after receiving three stomach punches.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. Costumes

Approximately 40% of Americans dress up in Halloween costumes.

 

9. Treat-or-Treat

About 72% of Americans hand out Halloween candy, 46% carve pumpkins, 21% visit haunted houses, and 12% dress up their pets.

 

10. Jack O’ Lanterns

The first Jack O’ Lanterns were made out of turnips.

 

Information Sources

 

Get a free printable version of this article by clicking here.


~~**^**~~Free Monster Cards~~**^**~~

 

Free Printable Halloween Cards

These cards work well with Halloween trivia. Simply have your students research interesting facts, write them on the cards, then assemble the monster. These make a terrific bulletin board.

 

Halloween Facts Bulletin BoardExamples ~~ 6th Grader

Halloween Bulletin Board

 

Example ~ 2nd Grader

Halloween Bulletin Board

This activity could even be adapted for kindergarten. I asked students to tell me something they liked to do on Halloween. I wrote their sentences on index cards. The students then copy the sentences onto their monster card.

Halloween Bulletin Board

 

Gay Miller

 

Permanent link to this article: http://bookunitsteacher.com/wp/?p=665

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Worms

Ten Interesting Facts about Worms

Earthworm1. Migration

Worms have not always lived in America. Many scientists believe that worms living in America were killed during the Ice Age. This was approximately 10,000 to 50,000 years ago. During the 1600’s and 1700’s, Europeans brought worms to North America as they were forming the colonies. This was quite by accident. Colonists wanted to bring plants from their native countries to the New World. The worms were living in the dirt that surrounded the plants. Just think, if worms had not been brought to the New World, American soil would be very poor.

2. Harmful?

Some people think worms are bad for the garden. They have seen damage created by pests. Cockroaches, termites, beetles, and silverfish love to eat paper and the binding of books. Malaria is spread to thousands of people each year through mosquito bites. Fleas carry bacteria which can cause humans to get sick when bitten. It’s no wonder that people think earthworms are harmful as well.

3. Size

Earthworms vary greatly in size. Some are only an inch long while others are many feet long. The Australian giant earthworms average about ten feet in length. The largest earthworm ever found measured 22 feet from anterior to posterior. In North America, the largest common night crawlers are only about 12 inches.

4. Behavior

Some earthworms receive their names based on their behavior. The night crawler comes up to the surface at night. The angleworm is often used for bait by fisherman. The rain worm leaves the water soaked soil after storms.

5. Breathing

Earthworms breathe through their skin.

6. Young

Baby worms hatch from eggs fully formed. They can live up to eight years although one to two years is the norm.

7. Food

Earthworms eat mostly leaves. Their digestive system is a tube that runs from their mouths to the rear portion of their bodies. Earthworms move nutrients such as potassium and nitrogen into the soil. In fact, some gardeners buy earthworms and place them in their gardens.

8. Benefits

While earthworms are extremely beneficial to farmlands, they can cause harm to northern forests. Northern forests have a cushion of decaying leaves called duff. This is beneficial to young trees and insects. When earthworms move through the duff, they eat it up leaving young saplings and insects without needed nutrients.

9. Movement

Hairs on each segment of the earthworm help it move through the soil.

10. Species

There are about 6,000 species of worms.

Classification of Worms

Classification

Characteristic

Example

Platyhelminthes

flatworms

tapeworms

flukes

Platyhelminthes have flat, ribbon or leaf-shaped body with a pair of eyes at the front.

flatworm

flatworm

Nematoda

threadworms

roundworm

hookworms

Nematoda are difficult to distinguish.

More than half are parasitic.

hookworms

hookworms

Annelida

earthworms

bristle worms

Annelida have bodies which are divided into segments or rings.

earthworm

earthworm

Sources of Worm Information:

 

 

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . Worms.

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Worms Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Worms

 

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How to Eat Fried Worms Book Unit Samples
“Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Worms” would be a great close activity to add to your How to Eat Fried Worms unit. 

If you would like to try out the How to Eat Fried Worms Book Unit before you buy it, this download contains free samples including:

  • Comprehension Questions for Chapters 1-2 (Multiple Choice and Short Answer Formats)
  • Constructive Response Question – Course of Action
  • English Lesson 1 – Paragraph Structure

 

 

How to Eat Fried Worms

 

How to Eat Fried Worms Book Unit contains vocabulary, comprehension, constructive response writing, and skill practice.

Gay Miller

 

Permanent link to this article: http://bookunitsteacher.com/wp/?p=375

Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The U.S. Constitution

Ten Interesting Facts . . . .
The U.S. Constitution

1. Philadelphia

Pennsylvania State House

The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia from May 25 to September 17, 1787. At this time, Philadelphia was the largest city in North America. The population was 40,000 people. The city had 7,000 street lamps, 33 churches, 10 newspapers, and a university. Delegates met in the Pennsylvania State House. George Washington was appointed the Commander of the Continental Army at this site. The Declaration of Independence was signed in Philadelphia in 1776. The Articles of Confederation was adopted in 1781 here as well.

2. James Madison

James Madison is known as “the Father of the Constitution.” He came to the Constitutional Convention with the blueprint for the new Constitution.

James Madison

3. Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin


Benjamin Franklin was 81 years old when the Constitution was signed. His mind was active, yet he was in poor health. Four prisoners from the Walnut Street Jail had to carry him to the Convention Hall in a sedan chair. When leaving the Pennsylvania State House after the final meeting on September 17, 1787 he was asked about the new government. Franklin replied, “A republic, madam, If you can keep it.” Franklin died on April 17, 1790.

4. Signers


Only 39 of the 42 delegates signed the Constitution. The men who refused did so because the Constitution lacked a bill of rights.


Signers

5. Presidents

$5000


George Washington and James Madison were the only Presidents to sign the Constitution.


James Madison, the “Father of the Constitution,” is on the $5,000 bill.


6. Our Founding Fathers


Of the 55 delegates who attended the Constitutional Convention, 34 were lawyers. Thirty-nine were former Congressmen. Eight were present or past governors.

Judge


7. The Size 

We the People


The Constitution has 4,543 words. It was written on four sheets of paper.


8. Americans

Four signers were born in Ireland.

Ireland

9. Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving


The first national Thanksgiving Day was established on November 26, 1789. George Washington proclaimed the holiday as a way of giving thanks for the new Constitution.

10. Preserving  the Constitution


The Constitution is on display in the National Archives Building in Washington, D. C. It is behind protective glass framed with titanium. The case is filled with argon gas and is kept at 67 degrees Fahrenheit with a relative humidity of 40 percent.

Constitution

Sources of Information:

Clipart Sources

Constitution Convention

Benjamin Franklin

Philadelphia

 

 

Ten Interesting Facts . . . .The Constitution  Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Constitutiion
 Ten Interesting Facts . . . . The Constitution  Get a printable version of this article.

Free printable Graphic Organizer

This handout “Constitution Facts and Foldable Organizers” includes ten interesting facts and two foldable graphic organizers. The first foldable organizer covers the checks and balances of our government. The second graphic organizer reviews the parts of the Constitution.

Free Organizers for your Constitution Unit

 

 

 

Gay Miller

 

Permanent link to this article: http://bookunitsteacher.com/wp/?p=469

Ten Interesting Facts . . . Volcanoes

Ten Interesting Facts . . . Volcanoes

Mount St. Helens 2005

Mount St. Helens 2005

 

1.The biggest volcano in our solar system is on Mars. Olympus Mons is 600 km (373 miles) wide and 21 km (13 miles) tall.

2.Volcanoes are measured by the Volcano Explosivity Index.

VEI Ejecta volume Classification Description Plume Frequency Examples
0 < 10,000 m³ Hawaiian non-explosive < 100 m constant Kilauea
1 > 10,000 m³ Hawaiian / Strombolian gentle 100–1000 m daily Stromboli
2 > 1,000,000 m³ Strombolian / Vulcanian explosive 1–5 km weekly StromboliGaleras, 1992
3 > 10,000,000 m³ Vulcanian / Peléan severe 3–15 km few months Ruiz, 1985
4 > 0.1 km³ Peléan / Plinian cataclysmic 10–25 km ≥ 1 yr Pelée (1902), Eyjafjallajökull (2010)
5 > 1 km³ Plinian paroxysmic 20–35 km ≥ 10 yrs Vesuvius (79) St. Helens (1980)
6 > 10 km³ Plinian / Ultra-Plinian colossal > 30 km ≥ 100 yrs Pinatubo (1991)
7 > 100 km³ Ultra-Plinian mega-colossal > 40 km ≥ 1,000 yrs Tambora (1815)
8 > 1,000 km³ Supervolcanic apocalyptic > 50 km ≥ 10,000 yrs Yellowstone (640,000 BC)

3. Five Largest Volcanic Eruptions in Recent History

 


Volcano
Location When Volcanic
Explosivity Index (VEI)
Tambora Sunda Islands,
Indonesia
April 10, 1815 7
Krakatoa Indonesian
island of Krakatoa
Aug. 27, 1883 6
Novarupta Alaska Peninsula June 6, 1912 6
Pinatubo Philippines June 15, 1991 6
Santa Maria Pacific coast of
Guatemala
Oct. 24, 1902 6

4. Volcanoes may be found on the ocean floor and under the icecaps.

5. Volcanic eruptions can send ash over 30 km (17 miles) into the atmosphere.

6. Erupting volcanoes can trigger tsunamis, flash floods, earthquakes, mud flows, and rock falls.

7. More than half of the 500 active volcanoes found on Earth are in a circle around the Pacific Ocean known as the “Ring of Fire.” The United States has active volcanoes in Hawaii, Alaska, California, Oregon, and Washington.

8. Volcanoes can be active, dormant, or extinct. Active means the volcano has had an eruption in the last few thousand years. Dormant means the volcano has the potential to erupt although it hasn’t erupted recently. Extinct means the volcano is not likely to erupt again.

9. The deadliest eruption in what is now the United States took place 200 years ago when Kilauea erupted on the Hawaiian Islands killing more than 400 people.

10.There are different kinds of volcanoes.

ShieldShield Volcanoes

 

When the lava contains less gas, the eruption is gentler. Flow after flow of thin streams of lava flows out in all directions from the volcano’s vent creating a flat, dome-shaped mountain with broad slopes.

Lava DomeLava Domes

 

Lava domes are formed by small spherical masses of lava which are too thick to flow. The lava piles around the vent. Lava domes often grow larger by expansion within the volcano.
CompositeComposite
Composite or strata volcanoes contain a lot of gas mixed in with the lava. Because of the built-up gas, the eruptions are violent. The volcano spews out gases, ash, and hot lava. The lava doesn’t travel far, so it piles up creating a volcano that is built of many layers of ash and solidified lava.
CinderCinder Cones
Cinder cones are formed when a volcano violently erupts. The lava quickly congeals and falls around the vent in a circular shape.

 

 

 

Information Sources

Photo Mount St.Helens
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mt_St_Helens_Eruption_March_8,_2005.jpg

Fun Volcano Facts
http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/earth/volcano.html

11 Facts About Volcanoes
https://www.dosomething.org/facts/11-facts-about-volcanoes

Volcanic Explosivity Index
http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/scales/VEI.html

Five Biggest Volcano Eruptions in Recent History
http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2010/0418/Five-biggest-volcano-eruptions-in-recent-history

50 Amazing Volcano Facts
http://www.livescience.com/31774-amazing-volcano-facts.html


Get a printable version of
Ten Interesting Facts . . Volcanoes

 

Ten Interesting Facts . . . Volcanoes Ten Interesting Facts . . . Volcanoes

Ten Interesting Facts . . . Volcanoes

Get Free Volcano Graphic Organizer

Free Printable Graphic Organizer

If you are looking for additional volcano graphic organizers you may wish to check out Earth’s Systems Geology Unit found on Teachers Pay Teachers.

 Earth's Systems Geology Unit

Gay Miller

 

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Ten Interesting Facts . . . . Surviving in the Wilderness

Ten Interesting Facts . . .
Surviving the Wilderness

  1. Water Needed for Surviving in the Wilderness

    • Humans need eight cups of water each day.

    • When 1% of the total water weight of a person’s body is lost, the person will feel thirsty.

    • Sixteen drops of bleach will treat one gallon of water.

    • Approximately 4000 people are treated annually from drinking contaminated water in the United States.

    • A person can survive without water for three to five days.

  1. Food Needed for Surviving in the Wilderness

    • A person can survive without food for approximately 30 days.

    • Insects and bugs are high in protein and are great survival foods.

  2. Temperature

    • Most hypothermia cases develop between 30 to 50 degrees. Body temperature only has to drop 2ᴼ for hypothermia to begin.

    • Add 37 to the number of chirps a cricket makes in 15 seconds to determine the approximate temperature.

    • The body loses heat twenty-five times faster in water than it does in air.

  1. Universal Distress Calls

    • Three is the universal signal number for distress.

    • When you discover you are lost stay where you are. Yell “Help!” or blow a whistle 3 times to signal you are lost. Wait several seconds. Then turn 90 degrees and try again. Keep doing this. If someone yells back, let him come to you. Sometimes echoes may cause you to lose your orientation. Even if someone sounds far away, keep yelling. They may sound this way because they are turned away from you.

  1. S.T.O.P.

    At the moment you realize you are lost you should S.T.O.P. (Sit, Think, Observe, and Plan). The first ten minutes of being lost is when most search fatalities make their deadly mistake. Stay calm. Use your head, not your feet. Staying calm is important to surviving. Use this acronym to remember:

S – Sit down.

T -Think.

O -Observe your surroundings.

P – Prepare for survival by gathering materials.

6. Items Needed for Surviving in the Wilderness

According to the Charley Shimanski of Mountain Rescue, there are ten essential items that every hiker and backpacker should carry. They are — 

map


U.S. Geological Survey topographic map and magnetic compass

flashlight


flashlight with extra batteries and bulbs

clothes


extra clothing including mittens, hat,  jacket, and rain gear

sunglasses


sunglasses

 waterfood


extra food and water

matches


waterproof matches in a waterproof container

candles


candle/ fire starter

pocket knife


pocket knife

first aid kit


first aid kit

trash bag


space blanket or two large heavy-duty trash bags

 

  1. Rescue Incidents

    From 1992 to 2007 there were 78,488 individuals involved in 65,439 search and rescue incidents in the United States National Parks.

 

  • 2659 fatalities

  • 24,288 ill or injured individuals

  • 13,212 saves

  1. Rescue Expenses

    Search and rescue operations are expensive. On average, the United States National Park Services responds to 11.2 incidents daily. This costs around $895 per operation.

  • In 1998, Denali Nation Park in Alaska rescued eight climbers by helicopter over the course of five days. This rescue cost more than $220,000. At the time this was the most expensive rescue in history.

  • Grand Teton National Park had a record high of more than $219,000 in 2011. The park completed 33 major searches.

  • Rocky Mountain National Park spent $41,000 to rescue a hiker in May 2014.

  1. Most Common Types of Rescues

    • Hiking ~ 48%

    • Boating ~ 21%

  2. Types of Accidents

    Approximately twenty percent of the National Park Service search and rescue missions result in fatality.

Most Common Fatalities Requiring Search and Rescue

  • Hiking ~ 22.8%

  • Suicides ~ 12.1%

  • Swimming ~ 10.1%

  • Boating ~ 10.1%

Information Sources

Photo Credit

Get a printable version of Ten Interesting Facts
. . . Surviving in the Wilderness.

 

Free Graphic Organizer to use with Hatchet
by Gary Paulsen

Free Organizer to use with Hatchet by Gary PaulsenFree Graphic Organizer to use with Hatchet by Gary Paulsen

Free Graphic Organizer to use with Hatchet by Gary Paulsen

Answer Key Provided

Hatchet Book Unit Samples

Hatchet Book Unit Free Samples

If you would like to try out the Hatchet Book Unit before you buy it, this download contains free samples including:

  • Comprehension Questions for Chapters 1-2
  • Constructive Response Question – Foreshadowing
  • Lesson 1 on Characters
  • Introduction Lesson for Descriptive Writing

Hatchet Book Unit contains vocabulary, comprehension, constructive response writing, and skill practice.Gay Miller

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