Time Periods

6.5.1 WH 1, 2 Read a timeline and order events of the past between prehistory and the Renaissance.
6.5.7 WH 1, 2 Recognize major historical time periods (i.e., Early Civilizations, Classical Period, Dark Ages, Middle Ages, and Renaissance).

Map Reading SPIs

6.3.1

G

Identify the basic components of a world map (i.e., compass rose, map key, scale, latitude and longitude lines, continents, and oceans).   

6.3.2

G

Identify basic geographic forms (i.e., rivers, lakes, bays, oceans, mountains, plateaus, deserts, plains, and coastal plains).

6.3.4

G

Identify geographic reasons for the location of population centers prior to 1500 (i.e., coastal plains, deserts, mountains, and river valleys).

6.3.5

G

Use a variety of maps to understand geographic and historical information (i.e., political maps, resource maps, product maps, physical maps, climate maps, and vegetation maps).

6.3.3

G

Identify the location of early civilizations on a map (i.e. Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Ancient Chinese, Indian).

Culture SPIs

6.1.5

WH 1, 2

Identify differences between various cultural groups (i.e., European, Eurasian, Indian, Southeast Asian, Middle Eastern, African, and Native American).

6.1.6

G

Recognize reasons that cultural groups develop or settle in specific physical environments.

6.5.11 WH 1, 2 Identify characteristics including economy, social relations, religion, and political authority of various societies (i.e., Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek City-States, Roman Empire, Indian, and Medieval).
6.5.17 WH 1 Recognize the significant mythologies of the Sumerians, Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans.
6.5.4 WH 1 Recognize the forms of early world writing (i.e. cuneiform and Egyptian/Native American Hieroglyphics).
6.1.7 WH 1 Identify how early writing forms in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley influenced life (i.e., legal, religious, and culture).
6.5.12 WH 1, 2 Recognize the possible causes of change in civilizations (i.e., environmental change, political collapse, new ideas, warfare, overpopulation, unreliable food sources, and diseases).
6.1.1 G Recognize the basic components of culture (i.e., language, common values, traditions, government, art, literature, and lifestyles).
6.5.3 WH 1, 2 Identify types of artifacts by pictorial representation (i.e., Egyptian, Roman, Greek, Chinese, Native American, Medieval, and Renaissance).
6.1.3 WH 1 Recognize the world's major religions and their founders (i.e., Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed).

Economy SPIs

6.2.4 E Recognize the importance of economic systems in the development of early civilizations around rivers (i.e., Tigris and Euphrates, Huang He, Nile, and Indus).

Government

6.4.5   Compare and contrast the lives of individual citizens in various governmental organizations (i.e., monarchial systems, feudal systems, caste systems, and democratic systems-Greek).
  WH 1, 2 Recognize the impact of individuals on world history (i.e., Charlemagne, Joan of Arc, William the Conqueror, Ramses II, Julius Caesar, Socrates, Aristotle, Marco Polo, Alexander the Great, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Martin Luther, and Johannes Gutenberg).
6.4.1 GC Recognize types of government (i.e., formal/informal, monarchy, direct/indirect democracy, republics, and theocracy).

Lesson Plans (10 Days)

Day 1

  1. Using a World Continent Map color in the location of the Ancient Egyptian Empire. 6.3.3

  2. Create a Timeline 6.5.1, 6.5.7

  3. Ancient Egypt Time Line (History Pockets: Ancient Civilizations pages 8-9)

  4. Introduction (History Pockets: Ancient Civilizations pages 35-37)

Egyptian Timeline

BCE

AD

3500

 

 

3200

 

 

2900

 

 

2600

 

 

2300

 

 

2000

 

 

1700

 

 

1400

 

 

1100

 

 

800

 

 

500

 

 

200

 

1

 

200

 

Sumerians 3500-2340 BCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

Babylonian Empire 1900 - 1100 BCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Akkadian Empire 2370-1900 BCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assyrian 1100-612 BCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Egyptian Empire 3100-30 BCE

 

 

 

                                                                               

         4400-4000 BC 1st Farming Villages

         3000 BC - First Use of Irrigation

         3200 BC - 1st Hieroglyphics

         3100 BC - Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt 1st Dynasty

         2660 BC - First Step Pyramid build at Saqqara

         2500 BC - Great Pyramid of Giza built

         2400 BC - First Obelisks built

         1479 BC - Hatshepsut became first female pharaoh.

         1352 BC - Akhenaten and his wife Queen Nefertiti tried to get Egyptians to believe in one god.

         1279-1213 BC - Ramses II

         Between 1300 and 1150 BC - Moses leads Israelites out of Egypt

         525 BC - Persians invade Egypt

         332 BC - Alexander the Great Invades Egypt

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Add to Egyptian Organizer throughout unit.

Environment

very dry

except by Nile River Egypt is desert

capital of ancient Egypt - Memphis

Government

First known national government when Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt

Ruled by pharaohs for 31 dynasties, rulers from the same family, who inherited their positions

Pharaohs were supreme rulers who issued laws, ran the army, managed the economy, etc.

Social Class System
  • Pharaoh -complete control
  • Viziers - 2 advisors - one for each Upper and Lower Egypt
  • Overseers - each responsible for a particular part of government
  • Nomarchs - governors for each of 42 districts
  • Scribes - writers & record keepers
  • Craft workers
  • Farmers

 

 
Religion

Government and religion closely connected - Egyptians believed pharaohs were all-powerful gods on Earth

Worshipped many deities (gods and goddesses)

built temples

 

Money

barter system used

Taxes - People paid in goods, usually crops, and services such as serving in military or helping to build a monument

During New Kingdom grew rich by trading in gold and controlling Asian mines

 

 

Egypt

 
 
Entertainment

Nile River source of recreation - fishing, sailing, swimming, playing games

Literature

Most Egyptians were not literate

Only government officials called scribes could read

 

 

 Architecture

homes made from mud bricks

stone pyramids

pylon (wall decorated with carvings that stood at the entrance of temples)

Obelisks (stone column which were wider at base than point) erected at entrances of temples

Traditions and Common Values

Believed in life after death or the afterlife

70 day mummification process conducted by 4 priests

Form of Writing/Language

Hieroglyphics (alphabet with picture symbols) used on tombs and temples

used two other writing forms to use when in a hurry called hieratic and demotic writing used for keeping records

Rosetta Stone

storytelling popular

 

Art

Gods, goddesses, and pharaohs drawn with faces from the side but torsos facing front (called frontalism)

Sculptures (The Sphinx)

Music part of religious functions, festivals, and parties played harps, lutes, flutes, and drums

 

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Day 2 - Location

  1. Map Activities 6.3.1, 6.3.2, 6.3.5

  2. Lecture Notes 6.3.4 & 6.2.4

  3. Discuss first box on graphic organizer labeled Environment. 6.3.4

  4. Activity - "Along the Nile" (History Pockets: Ancient Egypt pages 10-12) 6.3.4

  5. Watch TLC Elementary School - People Around the World - People of the Nile (14:35) 6.3.4

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Day 3 - Government & Social Class System 6.4.5 & 6.5.11

  1. Lecture

    Famous Egyptian Pharaohs (A Gallery of Rulers from History Pockets: Ancient Egypt pages 36-42)

  2. Discuss second two boxes on graphic organizer labeled Government and Social Class System.

  3. Show video TLC Elementary School - Great Egyptians - Hatshepsut, Tutankhamen, & Cleopatra

  4. Art Activity Pharaoh Head Attire

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Day 4 - Moses 6.1.3

  1. Tell story of Moses using manipulatives.

  2. atch video The Prince of Egypt.

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Day 5 - Religion 6.5.11

  1. Lecture

  2. Tell the story of Osiris, Horus, and Isis 6.5.17

  3. Discuss box on graphic organizer labeled Religion.

  4. Egyptian Gods and Goddesses pages 20-21

  5. Make amulets. (History Pockets: Ancient Egypt page 21)

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Day 6 - Mummies

  1. Lecture

  2. Show video Reading Rainbow Mummies Made in Egypt

    http://shopgpn.com/stores/1/guides/rr/54.pdf

  3. Discuss box on graphic organizer labeled Traditions and Common Values.

  4. Make mummy masks

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Day 7 - Pyramids

  1. Lecture

    Show pictures from the book Pyramid

  2. Show video TLC Elementary School - Ancient Times - Pyramids of Egypt (7:10)

  3. Discuss box on graphic organizer labeled Architecture.

  4. Build a pyramid.

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Day 8 - Hieroglyphics 6.5.4 & 6.1.7

  1. Lecture

  2. Show piece of papyrus

  3. CD - CD Archibald's Guide to the Mysteries of Ancient Egypt - explains how the writing was done.

  4. Show video TLC Elementary School - Ancient Times - Hieroglyphics (5:45)

  5. Discuss box on graphic organizer labeled Form of Writing/Language.

  6. "Egyptian Symbols for Numbers" page 25 & "The Rosetta Stone" page 30

  7. Hieroglyphic Alphabet (History Pockets: Ancient Egypt page 78)

  8. Make cartouche. Download font from http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/people/gardiner/gardiner.htm

 

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Day 9 - Daily Life 6.5.3,  6.5.11, 6.5.3, &  6.1.1

  1. Lecture

  2. Discuss boxes on graphic organizer labeled Art, Money, and Entertainment.

  3. Words to Know (hieroglyphics, papyrus, pharaoh, & pyramid) Make study guide History Pockets - Ancient Civilizations pages 33 & 11

  4. Make booklet If You Lived in Ancient Egypt  (History Pockets: Ancient Egypt pages 22-26)

  5. Activity - "Frontalism" (History Pockets: Ancient Egypt pages 85-86) & "How to Draw Egyptian-Style" pages 14-15 6.5.3

  6. Booklet If You Lived in Ancient Egypt (History Pockets: Ancient Egypt pages 22-26)

Day 10 - Fall of the Ancient Egyptian Empire 6.5.12

  1. Lecture

  2. Words to Know (pyramid, pharaoh, papyrus, and hieroglyphics) Make study guide History Pockets - Ancient Civilizations pages 33 & 11

  3. Ancient Egyptian Tourist Attractions page 22-23

  4. "You Are the Archeologist" page 34

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Grade Sheet

Resources

Videos

Classroom Books