Grade 4 : Standard 3 - Flow of Matter and Energy
Conceptual Strand 3
Matter and energy flow through the biosphere.
Guiding Question 3
What scientific information explains how matter and energy flow through the biosphere?
Grade Level Expectations
Checks for Understanding
State Performance Indicators
GLE 0407.3.1 Demonstrate that plants require light energy to grow and survive.
GLE 0407.3.2 Investigate different ways that organisms meet their energy needs.
0407.3.1 Create a food web that illustrates the energy relationships between plants and animals and the key issues or assumptions found in the model.
0407.3.2 Classify organisms as carnivores, herbivores, or omnivores.
0407.3.3 Identify how a variety of organisms meet their energy needs.
SPI 0407.3.1 Determine how different organisms function within an environment in terms of their location on an energy pyramid.
Lesson Plans Using Old Standards
Students draw and label plants (leaves, stem, roots, fruit, flower, etc.)
Begin experiments to illustrate why each plant part is important.
Edible Plant Parts
List fruits and vegetables. Have students determine which part of the plant each fruit of vegetable is.
Roots - carrots, beets, onions, potatoes, radishes, turnips, rutabagas, ginger or parsnips
Stems - celery, asparagus, bamboo shoots, sugar cane
Leaves - lettuce, cabbage, spinach, greens
Flowers - broccoli, cauliflower,
Fruit - apples, cherries, berries, grapes, lemons, oranges, figs, olives, pears, peaches, melon
Seeds - beans, sunflower seeds, rice, peas, corn
Make a salad. Students must identify each ingredient as root, leaf, stem, whole plant, seed, etc.
How Animals Get Food and Oxygen
Brain Pop - Food Chains http://www.brainpop.com/science/populationsresourcesandenvironment/foodchains/preview.weml
Fun with Food Webs http://www.harcourtschool.com/activity/food/food_menu.html
Food Web and Food Chain Quiz http://www.theteacherspot.com/classroom/foodchains.htm
What is a Food Chain? http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/fooodchains.htm
|Build a Oxygen/Carbon Dioxide Cycle using plastic animals and plants. Glue onto Fun Foam and label.|
Discuss mammals that live in the ocean - whales, dolphins, and seals - and how each obtain oxygen.