Activities for Lesson 1

Tell the students that each corner of the classroom represents a different location. (See below.)

 New England England Rum Maker King George Factory Workers West Indies Plantation Owner Africa Slaves Rum Buyers

Next assign each student a role to play. Signs can be made with the role written on them. These can be hung around the students' necks. You will need:

 The New England Corner 1 Rum Maker 2 Factory Workers that Make the Rum The England Corner 1 King George The West Indies Corner 1 Plantation Owner The Africa Corner Rum Buyers Slaves (As many as you wish) The Ship Captain moves from corner to corner. Tax Collector

Start by giving each student, except for the slaves, 100 pennies.

The ship captain begins in the Africa corner. He loads up his ship with slaves. The captain takes the slaves to the West Indies and sells them to the plantation owner for 1¢ each. The captain then loads up his ship with molasses. (Barrels can be made from poster board to represent the molasses.) This costs the captain 7¢. The tax collector collects 1¢ tax for King George. (He does not give this to King George until the simulation is over.)

Next the captain takes the molasses to New England where he sells it for 9¢ to the Rum Maker. The tax collector collects 1¢. The Rum Maker also gives 1¢ to his factory workers for making the rum.

The Rum Maker then sells the ship captain rum for 12¢. The tax collector takes 1¢. (Barrels can be made from poster board to represent the rum.)

The ship captain takes the rum to Africa and sells it to the Rum Buyers for 14¢. The tax collector takes 2¢.

Repeat this two more times. The tax collect keeps 10% of what he has collected for doing his job, then takes the rest to King George.

Next  have the students recount their pennies.
Who has the most pennies?
Should the colonists be angry with King George for collecting so many taxes?

Videos Appropriate for this Lesson

TLC Elementary School:  Early America:  Sugaring