The Northeast part of the United
States was turning more and more to industry and factories. Machines
were taking the place of hand tools. The steam engine and electrical
engine were taking the place of animals.
Textile factories were making
cloth in New England. By 1840, 700 cotton mills and 500 woolen mills
were in New England. Fifty thousand people worked in these factories.
Cities began to grow up around these factories.
Any man who wanted to work could
earn $125 to $250 a year. This amount of money could buy a large farm
in the new territories or a small one in New England.
People in New England spent much
of their time in sports such as football (British rugby), cricket, and
skating. People travel to visit friends. Music and dancing lessons
were given to children.
The winters in New England were
hard. Farmers tried to make a living in the hard, rocky soil.
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