In the early 1800's canals
were built in America to connect towns and settlements.
Settlers started moving
farther away from the rivers because river towns were becoming
too crowded. People had to use the dirt roads cut through the
forest to move goods to markets. The settlers wanted good routes
that would connect their settlements to the rivers. The answer
to this was canals. Canals are man-made rivers used to move
goods. They also made traveling quicker.
The best known of the canals was
the Erie Canal. It ran 363 miles from Albany, New York on the Hudson
River to Lake Erie. The average size was forty feet wide and four feet
deep. The canal was dug by men with shovels and scoops. Horses were
used to pull some of the bigger scoops. Construction took eight
years from 1817 to 1825. The 363 mile long canal cost $7 million.
Barges moved along the canals
pulled by mules or horses which walked along the edge of the water.
The barges carried goods such as furniture and clothing to the west.
They brought back goods such as grain and lumber.
Before the Erie Canal was built,
it cost $100 to bring a ton of goods from Buffalo to New York City.
After the canal was built the cost lowered to $8. The canal made New
York City one of the most used ports in the nation.
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