Samuel F. B. Morse had a plan to
speed communication. In May of 1844 he tested his idea. A telegraph
wire was strung between Baltimore, Maryland and Washington, D. C. This
was a distance of forty miles. Using Morse code, Samuel Morse sent a
message over the wire. It arrived in seconds. Telegraph was the
fastest means of sending words or ideas to people. Turn your message
in Morse Code using the box below.
Have the students choose one
invention that was made in the late 1700's and the early 1800's. Have
them illustrate the invention. Make a time line with the drawings.
Here are a few American inventions to get you started.
|cotton gin - 1794
||coffee pot - 1806
||commercial steamboat - 1809
|steam powered locomotive -
||reaper - 1834
||telegraph - 1840
|clipper ship - 1840's
||telegraph - 1844
||rubber vulcanization - 1844
|sewing machine - 1846
||safety pin - 1849
||typewriter - 1868
|air brake - 1876
||telephone - 1876
||phonograph - 1880
Look at these sites for some additional
The American Experience
Excellent site with a timeline of inventions.
After the American army
introduced the concept of interchangeable parts in the manufacture of
guns, clock makers began producing clocks with this idea. Prior to the
Industrial Revolution clocks were made in small shops by hand. Eli
Terry realized that only one in every ten American homes had a clock,
so he decided to make one that everyone could buy. He started making
clocks using interchangeable parts. Have the students make a clock
using this method. Have stacks containing "clock parts".
paper circle with clock face
Have the students move from
stack to stack to assembly their clock. Then ask the following
What are some of the benefits of
making goods that use interchangeable parts?
How did the new method affect
craftspeople who worked their won business?
Were all the changes brought on
by new manufacturing methods good?
If you were a clock maker who
had spent years learning your trade, what would you think of this new
way of making clocks?
Which way of making clocks
allowed more of them to be sold?
Idea taken from Social
Studies Made Simple Frank Schaffer Publication, Inc.
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