Lesson 5 Bill of Rights 


American History Pages
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Government Unit
  Lesson 1 - Articles of Confederation
  Lesson 2 - Writing the Constitution
  Lesson 3 - Checks and Balances of the Government
  Lesson 4 - The New Government
  The First Political Parties
  George Washington
  Article I - Legislative Branch
  How a Bill Becomes a Law
  Article II - Executive Branch
  Article III - Judicial Branch
  Lesson 5 - Bill of Rights

After the Constitution was passed, many people wanted the rights of Americans spelled out more clearly than they were in the Constitution. To do this, Congress passed amendments (changes) to the constitution. The first ten amendments were passed in 1791. They are called the Bill of Rights.

Bill of Rights


Speech, religion, assembly, press

2 Right to bear arms
3 Quartering of soldiers
4 Unlawful search and seizure


Habeas Corpus, due process


Speedy trial, representation

7 Trial by jury in federal court


Reasonable bail
Protection from cruel and unusual punishment
9 All individual rights may not be listed
10 Powers not specifically given to the Federal government are reserved to the states or individual

How the Constitution is Amended

2/3 of each House of Congress



2/3 of all state legislatures or conventions


3/4 of all states (38) needed to ratify





becomes an amendment to the Constitution