Lesson 4 The New Government 

 

American History Pages
   
  Native Americans
   
  Explorers
   
  Colonial America
   
  American Revolution
   
  The Constitution
   
  Our Nation Grows
   
  Civil War
   
  Industrial Nation
   
   
Government Unit
   
  Lesson 1 - Articles of Confederation
   
  Lesson 2 - Writing the Constitution
   
  Lesson 3 - Checks and Balances of the Government
   
  Lesson 4 - The New Government
   
  The First Political Parties
   
  George Washington
   
  Article I - Legislative Branch
   
  How a Bill Becomes a Law
   
  Article II - Executive Branch
   
  Article III - Judicial Branch
   
  Lesson 5 - Bill of Rights
   
  Amendments
   
  Timeline
   

 

New powers included:

  • set and collect taxes

  • control trade between states and other countries

  • one money system for the government

One of the first things the Congress did was tell George Washington he had been elected the first President of the United States of America. On April 30, 1789 Washington took the oath of office in New York City.

Today the President and Vice President are elected every four years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November. Anyone over the age of 18 who is a U.S. citizen can vote in that election. The winner of the total vote is said to be the winner of the Popular vote. However the President and Vice President are really elected by a group of people called electors. Each state has the same number of electors as they have Senators and Representatives (535). After the Popular Vote in November, the electors vote. They give the electoral votes from their states to one candidate or the other. The one who has the most electoral votes wins the election. In most cases the electors vote for the same candidate that the people of their states voted for. There have been a few times in history when different candidates won the popular and the electoral votes.