New powers included:
One of the first things the Congress did was tell George Washington he
had been elected the first President of the United States of America.
On April 30, 1789 Washington took the oath of office in New York City.
Today the President and Vice President are elected every four years on
the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November. Anyone over the
age of 18 who is a U.S. citizen can vote in that election. The winner
of the total vote is said to be the winner of the Popular vote.
However the President and Vice President are really elected by a group
of people called electors. Each state has the same number of electors
as they have Senators and Representatives (535). After the Popular
Vote in November, the electors vote. They give the electoral votes
from their states to one candidate or the other. The one who has the
most electoral votes wins the election. In most cases the electors
vote for the same candidate that the people of their states voted for.
There have been a few times in history when different candidates won
the popular and the electoral votes.