Lesson 3 Checks and Balances
of the Government
 

 

American History Pages
   
  Native Americans
   
  Explorers
   
  Colonial America
   
  American Revolution
   
  The Constitution
   
  Our Nation Grows
   
  Civil War
   
  Industrial Nation
   
   
Government Unit
   
  Lesson 1 - Articles of Confederation
   
  Lesson 2 - Writing the Constitution
   
  Lesson 3 - Checks and Balances of the Government
   
  Lesson 4 - The New Government
   
  The First Political Parties
   
  George Washington
   
  Article I - Legislative Branch
   
  How a Bill Becomes a Law
   
  Article II - Executive Branch
   
  Article III - Judicial Branch
   
  Lesson 5 - Bill of Rights
   
  Amendments
   
  Timeline
   

 

The Constitution set up a system of checks and balances. This system was to make sure that none of the three branches of government would become too strong.

Checks and Balances

The new Constitution had three branches of government:

Legislative (make laws)

Congress

House of Representatives

Senate

 

Congress makes all the laws of the country.

After a veto by the President the law can take effect if 2/3rds of the members of Congress vote for it again.

Congress may reject Supreme Court Appointments.

Executive (carry out laws)


 

President

Advisors

 

President must ask Congress to make a new law.

The President may veto (say no to) any law passed by Congress.

The President appoints the Supreme Court Justices.

Judicial (courts)


 

Supreme Court (9 members)

Appeals Courts (11 in U.S.)

District Courts (93 in U.S.)

 

The judicial branch decides if laws or acts of Congress are in line with the Constitution. If not they can declare a law unconstitutional.